Medically the review by Carissa Stephens, R.N., CCRN, CPN — composed by Erica Cirino — updated on June 28, 2017


You are watching: A priority nursing intervention for a client with hypervolemia involves which of the following?

What is hypervolemia?

Hypervolemia, additionally called fluid overload, is the problem of having too lot water in your body. If the body typically has a details amount that fluids in it, as well much liquid can damages your health.


The indicators of hypervolemia include:

discomfort in the body, bring about cramping, headache, and stomach bloatinghigh blood pressure brought about by excess fluid in the bloodstreamshortness that breath brought about by extra fluid entering her lungs and also reducing your ability to breathe normallyheart problems, because excess liquid can rate up or slow your heart rate, harm your heart muscles, and increase the size of your heart

Often, it’s problems with your kidneys that reason hypervolemia. This is due to the fact that the kidneys usually balance the lot of salts and fluids in your body. As soon as they maintain salt, they boost the body’s complete sodium content, which boosts your liquid content.

The many common reasons of hypervolemia include:

nephrotic syndrome, a disorder that causes excess excretion the protein in the urinepremenstrual edema, or swelling that occurs before a woman’s menstrual cyclepregnancy, which alters a woman’s hormone balance and also can result in liquid retention
just how is hypervolemia diagnosed?

If you believe you’re enduring hypervolemia, visit your doctor. They have the right to determine if you’re suffering this condition.

First, your physician will command a physics exam. The key diagnostic indications of hypervolemia encompass weight gain and also swelling. One or much more parts of her body may appear swollen, depending on whether or no you have been sitting, lying, or standing prior to your visit.

Your physician is additionally likely to perform a blood check to examine your sodium levels. While her body’s full sodium levels will be boosted if you have hypervolemia, your sodium levels in the blood work might be high, normal, or low.

Performing a salt test on her urine can aid determine if her kidneys are bring about your hypervolemia or if there is another cause.

For renal failure, urinary salt content is frequently greater 보다 20 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L), when in instances of heart failure, cirrhosis, and nephrotic syndrome it will certainly be less than 10 mEq/L.


deserve to hypervolemia reason other conditions to develop?

Untreated hypervolemia can reason several complications, several of which room life-threatening. This include:

heart fail delayed wound healingtissue breakdowndecreased bowel function
exactly how is hypervolemia treated?

Treatment the hypervolemia differs from human to person relying on the reason of the condition.

Generally, all human being with hypervolemia receive a round of diuretics, i m sorry are medicines that eliminate excess fluid.

In excessive cases, a doctor will introduce dialysis (fluid removal v the kidneys) and also paracentesis (fluid removal v the belly).

Your physician will likewise require you come restrict her dietary salt intake.


What is the outlook for hypervolemia?

While you recoup from hypervolemia, it’s necessary to weigh yourself day-to-day to ensure she expelling the excess fluid in your body. Most people who pole to your doctor’s treatment plans make a full, rapid recovery. This essential for staying clear of complications, i m sorry can injury your health.

Besides surveillance your weight, you deserve to prevent a recurrence of fluid overload by:

tracking your liquid intakefollowing the fluid intake guidelines from her doctormanaging her thirst through sugar-free candies, ice cream chips, frozen grapes, and other low-fluid, thirst-quenching foodsensuring you carry out not consume too much sodium

critical medically the evaluation on June 27, 2017


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Medically reviewed by Carissa Stephens, R.N., CCRN, CPN — written by Erica Cirino — update on June 28, 2017

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