The town of Kells or Ceanannas Mór, an interpretation great fort, is recognized to have been a royal residence prior to St Colmcille established a spiritual settlement there in the middle of the sixth century. St Colmcille, additionally known as St Columba, to be exiled indigenous Ireland numerous years later and established a monastery on the Island that Iona in Scotland. Traditionally that is thought that St Colmcille was involved in a problem with St Finnian of Movilla Abbey over a Psalter. This conflict led to the battles of Cúl Dremhne and also Cooldrevny in 561. The battles brought about three thousand men shedding their lives. Colmcille was held responsible because that the lose of lives and was sent into exile. Columba invested the next thirty four years preaching come the picts in Scotland where countless converted come the Christian Faith. Colmcille passed away on the island ~ above the ninth June 597 CE. The abbey top top Iona to be renowned as a center for discovering over the following centuries and its scriptorium produced plenty of important documents and books. The publication of Kells is assumed to have actually been started there. The monastery exercised the legacies of the Celtic Church and as the roman inn Church became an ext powerful the duty of Iona and also Celtic Christianity diminished. In the latter component of the eighth century the monastery to be plundered many times throughout a series of Viking raids. Around the start of the ninth century the monks chose to give up the island and also move their treasures to Kells in Ireland.
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The eastern Cross and Round Tower n
The remains of the monastery lock refounded in ~ Kells, are positioned in the churchyard the St Columba"s Church of Ireland Parish Church. The surrounding streets follow the oval shape of the outer enclosure that the monastery. Within the churchyard over there are, 3 high crosses, the base of a 4th high cross and a ring tower. Lying against the south wall surface of the modern parish church is the sundial pictured above. Come the north of the church is a bell tower i m sorry is every that continues to be of a middle ages church. The spire was added in the 18th century. Over the southern doorway that the tower space the beautiful head carvings featured in ~ the optimal of this page, placed on the west wall surface is the cross slab pictured right. Situated on Church lane on the exterior of the north wall is the rock oratory, pictured below, known as St Columb"s House. Outside the old courthouse ~ above the R147 is a 5th High Cross known as the sector Cross.
Cross slab above base of phibìc cross
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St Columb"s House
Latitude: 53° 43" 42" N. Longitude: 6° 52" 51" W.
St Columb"s House
The ancient stone oratory well-known as St Columb"s home has really steep roof. The initial entrance come the oratory was built into the western wall surface seven feet above ground level, but this has actually now to be walled up and also a modern entrance has actually been added to the southern wall. The oldest part of the structure dates to roughly the nine century. The oratory is located on the road to the appropriate of the main entrance come St Columba"s Church and also can be seen from the church grounds. The is believed that this little building may have have been built to home the relics of St Colmcille carried here from Iona. Other structures dating from this period, which may have had actually a similar use, incorporate St Molaise"s home on Devenish Island, temple Ciaran at Clonmacnoise and also Labbamolaga Church, Cork.