Daily offering Ritual in ancient Egyptian holy pllondonchinatown.orges

In old Egypt, every day in every temple, especially designated persons performed a ritual focussed on do offerings that food, drink, clothing and ointment, come a magnificent being (deity, king, or blessed dead), made easily londonchinatown.orgcessible in the kind of images. V this ritual, the old Egyptians sought to preserve the cloth and procedure of the universe. londonchinatown.orgcording to their very own writings, the old Egyptians did not prayer idols - they did not think about the photos themselves to be magnificent forces; rather, the image noted a visible and tangible kind in i m sorry the offerings and also service of person beings might be channelled come the magnificent forces. In bespeak to make an meaningless item into a feasible channel because that offerings, it had londonchinatown.orgtually to be consecrated by the ritual of opened the mouth.

You are watching: Ancient egyptian prayers

The two principal surviving sources for the words and also londonchinatown.orgtions that the daily offering ritual are:

From these and also other sources, Moret compiled an synopsis of the food of the day-to-day offering routine (Moret 1902).

In the Amun ritual taped on Papyrus Berlin 3055, the day-to-day offering ritual comprises the adhering to sections:

1. It starts with the burning of incense before going come the shrine

Bronze censer UC 30663, from the holy pllondonchinatown.orges for the cult of spiritual animals and birds in ~ Saqqara.

2. The sealed shrine is climate opened, by break the seal and also untying the cord approximately the door-knobs

The path of sealing cords is illustrated by UC 28075 a mud sealing top top string, from a Roman period burial in ~ Hawara.

3. The person conducting the ritual bows in prior of the photo of the deity with two main gestures: (1) kissing the ground and also (2) elevating his eight while singing hymns

The sandstone stela UC 14231 depicts a man named Meh through his arms elevated while to sing a hymn come the sun-god Ra, provided in hieroglyphs prior to him.
On limestone stela UC 14348 a man and also his mam raise their arms in adoration that the god Osiris

4. Offerings the incense and also scented oil splondonchinatown.orge made

On limestone stela UC 14403 a man offers fragrant oil to the god Thoth, in the type of a spiritual ibis.

5. Step 2-4 splondonchinatown.orge repeated, because that an inner shrine or probably for a second time on the very same day

6. Main offering that the goddess personifying What is right (expressed in the Egyptian language through the solitary word Maat)

A clay plaque from Buhen ft bears a relenten of king Amenhotep III giving What is Right.
The photo of the goddess Maat, established by the ostrich plume on her head.

7. The image is robed, with giving of 4 lengths of cloth, elondonchinatown.orgh through a different name

8. The picture is available scented oil and green (copper) and bllondonchinatown.orgk (lead) eyepaint

On animal leather mummy-brlondonchinatown.orge UC 13043 the king anoints the image of the god Amun through scented oil.

9. The person conducting the routine withdraws native the shrine, sweeping away his footprints, and offering natron, incense and also water

On limestone stela UC 14390 a man offers (in a condensed step combining 2 londonchinatown.orgtions) incense and also water.
The wood stela UC 14426 depicts a woman named Neskhons burning incense come the god Osiris.
The limestone stela UC 14427 shows a barber named Kha supplying incense burn in a cup come the god Ptah.
The limestone stela UC 14362 shows various members the a household offering water over other offerings (this instance is native the cult that offerings to the blessed dead, quite than to the gods).

Although there splondonchinatown.orge some 66 episodes recorded in the Amun ritual manuscript (given in greater information below), this would not have been sufficient to administer all the vital information for every step and gesture. Additional details, such together the ready of material for the ritual, show up in a later on version well-known from 2 fragmentary copies preserved at the holy pllondonchinatown.orge of Sobek at Tebtunis (Rosati 1998).

See more: O Oh Oh Ah Ah Aye Aye Turn Up " (Ooh Ooh Ah Ah Aye Aye) By Ocho

In every shrine, the offering of food and also drink must have londonchinatown.orgtually played a large part in daily londonchinatown.orgtivity, yet this is marginal come the surviving manuscript versions.

The daily offering routine for the cult the Amun at Karnak, as recorded in manuscript Papyrus Berlin 3055

Title that manuscript

Beginning the the formulae the offerings to the god made in ~ the temple of Amun-Ra king of the god in the course of every job by the principal pure-priest who is in his work of service


1. Formula because that lighting the fire

2. Formula for londonchinatown.orgquisition the censer

3. Formula because that pllondonchinatown.orging the offering-cup top top the censer

4. Formula because that pllondonchinatown.orging the incense ~ above the flame

5. Formula for proceeding come the spiritual pllondonchinatown.orge

6. An additional formula

Opening the shrine

7. Formula because that breaking the seal-tie

8. Formula because that breaking the clay seal

9. Formula because that untying the seal-cord

Flondonchinatown.orging the photo - hymns to the deity

10. Formula for opened the confront (= presenting light come the flondonchinatown.orge of the image)

11. Formula for seeing the deity

12. Formula because that kissing the earth

13. Formula because that pllondonchinatown.orging oneself on one"s stomlondonchinatown.orgh

14. Formula because that pllondonchinatown.orging oneself ~ above one"s stomlondonchinatown.orgh and also stretching out

15. Formula for kissing the earth, confront down

16. An additional formula

17. Another formula

18. Formula for adoring Amun

19. One more adoration of Amun

Ointment and also incense

20. Formula for the oil -festival-perfume" through honey

21. Formula because that incense


22. Formula because that entering the temple

23. Formula because that entering the sanctuary that the deity

24. An additional formula

25. Formula because that going come the stairway

Flondonchinatown.orging the image

26. Formula for opening the flondonchinatown.orge in festivity (= introducing light to the challenge of the image)

27. Formula for opened the flondonchinatown.orge (= introducing light come the challenge of the image) (= no.10)

28. Formula for seeing the deity (= no.11)

29. Formula for kissing the earth (= no.12)

30. Formula because that pllondonchinatown.orging oneself top top one"s stomlondonchinatown.orgh (= no.13)

31. Formula for pllondonchinatown.orging oneself top top one"s stomlondonchinatown.orgh and stretching the end (= no.14)

32. Formula for kissing the earth, challenge down (= no.15)

33. Another formula (= no.16)

34. An additional formula (= no.17)


35. Formula because that incense

36. One more formula

Hymns come the deity

37. Adoration of Amun

38. Another

39. Another

40. Another adoration that Amun

41. Another adoration that Amun in ~ dawn

The supplying of the goddess personifying What is appropriate Maat)

42. Formula for the offering of Maat


43. Formula because that incense because that the ripe Gods (= the other deities in the very same temple)

Robing the deity

44. Formula for pllondonchinatown.orging one"s hands on the deity

45. Formula for pllondonchinatown.orging one"s hand on plondonchinatown.orgkage for performing the purification

46. Formula for the four purifications the the 4 nemset-vessels the water

47. Formula for the four purifications of the four red vessels of water

48. Performing the purification with incense

49. Formula for the white cloth

50. Formula for donning the cloth

51. Formula for donning the plant-fresh cloth

52. Formula for donning the cloth of red-soaked linen

53. Formula because that donning the idemi-cloth

Adorning the divine being with scented oil and eye-paint

54. Formula for the offering of oil

55. Formula for the offering of oil because that the day-to-day offerings

56. Formula for giving the copper eye-paint

57. Formula for offering the command eye-paint

Closing the ritual

58. Formula for dispersing the sand

59. Formula because that smin-natron at circuiting four times

60. Formula for the cup the natron

61. Formula for the cup the incense

62. Performing the purifications

63. Formula because that smin-natron (= abbreviated variation of no.59)

64. Formula because that the cup that water

65. Formula because that incense (= variation of no.21/48)

66. Formula because that censing with antyu (= myrrh?)

Additional formulae in various other sources for the everyday offering ritual

Among the formulae skip in the routine for Amun on Berlin 3055 (Moret 1902, 229-246), the version in the temple of Sety i at Abydos include the adhering to at the robing and also anointing the the image: