Apsara

An apsara is a celestial nymph native Buddhist and Hindu mythology, usually depicted dancing and smiling. They can be uncovered in good numbers in bas reliefs of numerous Angkor temples, such together Angkor Wat and the Bayon. The apsaras emerged throughout “the churning that the s of milk”, a famed storey indigenous the Hindu epos Mahabharata.

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Devata

A devata or thewada is a mrs celestial being, usually shown standing. Devata stems indigenous the Sanskrit word “deva”, which translates to divine. Together apsaras, lock are regularly found depicted in bas reliefs that Angkor temples.



Baray

A baray is a giant, man made water reservoir. That is not recognized with certainty what the purpose of the barays was. Excavators believe the they were component of the watering system or offered a religious purpose. In ~ the center of the barays the Khmer built a holy place on an artificial island. The largest baray in Angkor is the West baray, which was more than 7 kilometers long and 1.7 kilometers wide.



Gopura

An entrance gate or entrance pavilion in the wall that surrounding a temple. Gopuras are regularly impressive structures with carvings on lintels and pediments. Numerous of the large temples have actually a gopura in the center of every side the its bordering walls.



Linga

The linga or lingam is a symbolic representation of the Hindu God Shiva, a stone representation in a cylindric shape. The linga was placed in the central sanctuary of a Khmer temple to it is in worshipped.



Naga

A line from Buddhist and Hindu mythology often portrayed with multiple heads. In numerous Angkor temples they are found on Naga bridges or sculpted on balustrades and lintels. The King that the Nagas is Mucalinda, who protected the meditating Buddha from torrential rains through its hoods.


Kala

A fierce monster with huge teeth. Just the head through an top jaw is depicted, no lower jaw. In Angkor Kalas are regularly found sculpted on lintels and also walls that temples.


Nandi

The spiritual bull, the mountain of the Hindu God Shiva. Three statues the Nandi are found in front of the towers the the Preah Ko (“the spiritual bull”) temple.


Dvarapala

Armed guardians. They are usually found in pairs, one ~ above either side of the gate protecting the entrance to the temple.


Garuda

A creature from Hindu and Buddhist mythology, fifty percent bird, fifty percent man. In Hindu mythology Garuda is the mount of Vishnu. In Angkor they space often discovered in carvings on walls and also lintels.


Naga bridge

A bridge with balustrades delivering Naga snakes. Naga bridges offered as the symbolic representation of the crossing from the human being of man right into the civilization of the Gods.


Dharmasala

A Dharmasala or “House of Fire” is a rest house with fire wherein travelers can shelter. That is well-known from the Ta Prohm stele there to be 121 rest houses with fire on the key roads native Angkor come several essential towns in the empire.


Stele

A stone table inscribed v information about the temple, such together its starting date, the King who started the temple and also the god to who the temple was dedicated.

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Mount Meru

The facility of the world in Hindu and also Buddhist cosmology. The Angkor “mountain temples” like the Bakong and Phnom Bakheng were construct to be a depiction of mountain Meru.


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