To achieve the complete spectrum the dynamics while keeping a beautiful tone, it’s vital to consider all 4 of the components that impact volume. Due to the fact that these facets are interdependent, masterful interpretation relies on the effective interplay of every four. Here’s just how to mix and match your means to much more expressive playing.

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The Problem

Your ton suffers once you boost bow pressure to get more sound from the string.

The Solution

To attain the complete spectrum the dynamics while preserving a beautiful tone, it’s crucial to consider all four of the factors that influence volume. Due to the fact that these aspects are interdependent, masterful interpretation counts on the reliable interplay of every four. Here’s just how to mix and also match your way to an ext expressive playing:

1. Pressure

More pressure through the bow creates more volume. Less pressure with the bow creates less volume. Unfortunately, added pressure can quickly lead to unintended sounds. To prevent this, identify the difference between pressure produced by gripping and also pressing versus that produced by merely resting right into the string with a “heavy” best arm. To more prevent the crunchy sounds the are frequently the bane of start students, bear in mind that pressure and the following factor—bow speed—are carefully linked. When applying an ext pressure with the bow, increase your bow speed—use more bow. To preserve a consistent, though softer, sound through less pressure, decrease your bow speed—use much less bow.


2. Bow Speed

Since it’s hard to measure up the actual speed the bow is traveling across a string, the easiest method to think the bow speed is in regards to length. Using an ext bow for a phrase transmits an ext energy right into the string and therefore, suspect your pressure remains constant, creates a larger dynamic. The turning back is also true: using less bow vibrates the string much less intensely and also will produce a softer dynamic. Due to the fact that the plot of applying an ext pressure through the bow regularly leads to stress in the bow hand, utilizing bow rate to develop contrasting dynamics is frequently a much better choice. Because that crescendos, use gradually an ext bow v a passage. For diminuendos, use gradually less bow.

3. Sounding Point

Your sounding point is the place at which you draw the bow across the string to create sound. Depending on your tonal goals, the position you room playing in, the thickness of your strings, and also the dynamics you great to create, you could need to it is in closer to the bridge, closer to the fingerboard, or appropriate down the middle. Ideally her sounding suggest will readjust only when you decision to adjust it. As for dynamics, very first notice that the cable yields an ext the aside from that you move away from the bridge. Once playing over the fingerboard only a fraction of the power you apply through the bow will transmit ago as sound. When speed and pressure continue to be constant, playing closer come the fingerboard (Fig. 1) create a softer dynamic while playing closer to the leg (Fig. 2) creates a enlarge dynamic.

When experimenting with sounding points, over all, usage your ear to overview you come the ideal location for quality tone and dynamic variety.

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4. Bow Hair Usage

Using full bow hair will contribute to a fuller sound while utilizing partial hair will produce a softer, much more airy sound. For full bow hair, tilt the bow stick away from you, just slightly (Fig. 3) so the the bow doesn’t slip top top the strings. Because that partial hair, proceed tilting the stick farther far (Fig. 4).


This write-up is excerpted indigenous the Strings Guide: boost Your Bowing Technique, a collection of instructional message and video lessons