Some spelling considerations room less about clear rule to follow 보다 frequency and expectations. Such is the situation for assignment the lengthy o sound. O-e is the most common spelling because that the lengthy o sound in the middle of a word, but oa isn’t much behind. Ow is the most common means to assignment the lengthy o sound in ~ the finish of words. What climate of oe? Or what about o by itself?

Roe heat Ro the Boat? Let’s Talk around Long O Sounds

Rather than teaching the consumption of oa, oe, and ow together a separate lesson, the is something the I frequently introduce as soon as teaching each phoneme and also revisit that often during dictation and SOS. It might be beneficial to do a certain lesson on consumption down the road or to preserve a chart of well-known words for each spelling pattern. This type of frequency-dependent assignment is well suited to creating snapshot stories together a means of remembering.

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This is a spelling generalization you would teach well after VCe syllables, long o as an open up syllable and also vowel teams OA, OW and OE. This is also a time as soon as homophones and also homographs room really going to come in handy. Developing homophone dictionaries whereby students can write the words and also illustrate lock is a good way to aid the meanings and the order stick. Read, “Building An understanding of Homophones” for more tips.

If we emphasis on the collection teams, the an initial consideration for picking a long o spelling is place in the word. When the lengthy o sound is in ~ the beginning or center of a word, oa would be the reasonable choice. At the finish of words ow is the most frequent choice.

Some words that follow this generalization include:

Oat coach watercraft soap toad

Throw window pillow flourish snow

While this is rather straight forward, that is important to note that there is no way to phone call without reading the word in context even if it is ow is pronounce as lengthy o as in snow or ow as in cow. And in fact, this raises a perfect possibility to deal with homographs (words that room spelled the same, pronounce differently and that have a different meaning). You might introduce row together in one argument and row together in rowing a boat and also sow meaning a mom pig and also sow definition to tree seeds. This is where having that homophone thesaurus can come in handy.

A notable exemption to ow in ~ the end of indigenous is as soon as an irregular past tense is developed with n together in:thrown get an impression blown

While oe is additionally typically uncovered at the end of words, or words as part of longer compound words, it has a very minimal and specific usage. I commonly teach students that there space not a lot of words that finish in oe and that they room typically quick three and also four letter words. I make that a suggest to show students that those same 3 or 4 letter words might be part of a link word.

Some words the follow this expectation include:toe roe hoe opponent woe tiptoe toenail

Long o is created as a solitary o in ~ the end of many brief words favor no, go, and also so. That is additionally used in ~ the end of much longer words, however typically those native come from various other languages and also are animals, food or musical terms. Part words that follow this sample include:hippo dingo mango taco banjo alto

In order to teach this assignment convention, that is advantageous for students to be able to:

Segment 4 or 5 sounds,Be familiar with the collection team syllable kind and have currently learned the multiple lengthy o collection teams. I suggest teaching the phonogram ow together in plow very first before tackling the ending long o phonograms. I likewise find it is beneficial to teach ow much previously than oe, based on frequency. It is necessary that students do their spelling options for the basic word before adding suffixes.

Students deserve to use part guiding concerns to help them do a decision as soon as writing a new word:

What is the basic word?Where execute I hear the collection sound?

Is this word or syllable among the quick words that could end in oe?

Some teaching concepts include:

Sorting – You deserve to sort indigenous by assignment or sort pictures by vowel place to construct phonemic awareness skills.

Start native the recognized – many students have actually a repertoire of vision words such together no, go, toe, boat, and also snow the they are currently familiar with. These words deserve to act as anchors to assist students use the order considerations.

Review activities – Playing games with spelling choices where student must choose oa or ow to complete a offered word also reinforces this concept.

Dictation – once using long o indigenous in dictation, it is useful to carry out some scaffolding v prompts letting students recognize if a word includes a collection team or is composed as an open up syllable. Be aware and also cautious of using homophones and also be ready to offer support come students together necessary.

Games – combine words through oa, ow, and also oe collection teams typically in review lists and games.

Spiral and also Review – i recommend maintaining the oa, ow, and also oe vowel cards as part of the card drill, mix drill and incorporating it right into dictation often. Be aware that return students may be proficient with creating one syllable words such together toe, grow and also float, they might not have the ability to make phonogram decisions together readily as soon as spelling longer and also less acquainted words such as toadstool, approach, marshmallow, shadow, and mistletoe.

Verbalize – that is an useful to have actually students verbalize how they understand which order of the /o/ sound they room going to use based on its place in the word.

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While learning about the lengthy o assignment lacks the kind of predictable character of some other spelling rules, the complexities elevated by homographs and also homonyms do this a perfect time to support your college student in coming to be adept at making use of spell check tools, whether a dictionary or hand hosted spell checking device. GO HERE for a funny freebie game your children might enjoy!

If you space seeking an ext advanced practice, you’ll desire to check out this order Generalizations bundle.


Be certain to catch the other spelling generalization blog articles HERE because that LOTS much more tips. I’ve got you covered.