The list of fascinating attractions on Greece’s largest and most historic island is long. However, at the peak of the list, one finds none other than Knossos Palace. This Minoan palace is a place of history, legends, and also Crete’s many extensive and important archaeological site.

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Table that Contents

1. Historical background

2. What is the palace of Knossos famed for?

3. Who constructed the royal residence of Knossos?

4. As soon as was the royal residence at Knossos built?

5. The throne room that Knossos Palace

6. Mythical Background

7. Knossos Minotaur

8. Daedalus and also Icarus

9. Knossos’ artefacts at the archaeological Museum the Heraklion

10. Excavations

11. What come expect

12. Exactly how to obtain to Knossos

13. Knossos Tours

The royal residence is the largest, many complex, and most sophisticated of every in Greece. That is located about 20 minutes south of Heraklion. KnossosPalace was lived in for several thousand years, starting somewhere in the 7th millennium BC. It was abandoned after its devastation in 1375 BC, i beg your pardon also significant the end of the Minoan civilization.

If you’re planning one excursion to Knossos Palace, here’s every little thing you have to know prior to going!

Palace that Knossos - credits: Georgios Tsichlis/
Knossos Palace to be the ceremonial and political facility of the Minoan Civilization throughout the copper Age. Taken into consideration asEurope’s oldest city, Knossos was as soon as the city-state that Crete,with the town surrounding the hill the royal residence is on.
The area actually has a very long history of human habitation, native the an initial Neolithic settlement around 7000 BC, until1500 BC, once the surrounding city had actually a population of 100,000. The royal residence suffered v an earthquake however then to be reconstructed. It’s believed that the palace was abandoned roughly 1380 to 1100 B.C. For largely unknown reasons.
The excavation and exploration of the website have noted historians v a wide range of knowledge and insight right into the Minoan Civilization. Tools favor clay and rock incised spools and whorls allude to a cloth-making industry and curvaceous woman figurines indicate the worshipping of mom goddesses.
The palace structure we see this day is not exactly as it looked in its initial time, due to reconstruction and renovation transparent the years, and it is considered by some archaeologists as a facsimile. The palace facility is not thought to have just to be the residence that the monarch but likewise as the civic, religious, and economic center of Knossos.

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What is the palace of Knossos well known for?

knossos palace ancient ruins Kiev.Victor shutterstockAncient damages of Knossos palace - credits: Kiev.Victor/

The palace of Knossos is split into numerous sections, every of which has actually a different use. It was multi-story, constructed with sculpted structures, and decorated v magnificent murals portraying possibly spiritual ceremonies. That was obtainable from three entrances located ~ above the north, west, and south sides. 4 wings develop about the main courtyard.

Thus ~ above the west side of the palace, there are the ceremonial halls ~ above the upper floors and also the windy storerooms. Additionally, there space the sanctuaries, the treasuries and the throne room. In the southwestern component of the palace, are the west Courtyard and the west Entrance bring about the Procession Corridor. The latter was decorated with frescoes. ~ above the left side of the corridor, are the Propylaea and the famous twin Horns. The double Horns are among the spiritual symbols of the Minoan religion.

On the east side were the royal apartments, which caused a huge staircase, staff rooms, and a sanctuary. Among the most vital rooms are the twin Ax and the Queen"s Apartment v the dolphin mural. Come the north and also east of the queen"s apartment are the main warehouses as well as the Zatriki Corridor. In the Zatriki Corridor, the ancients used to play a type of chess dubbed ‘Zatriki’. Further east was the assorted workshops, as well as the royal warehouses. The north wing is overcame by the "Customs", a tank the purges, and also a stone theater. Native the theatre starts a Cobbled roadway that brought about the little palace. Finally, in the southern wing, there was the majestic south Propylos.

Apart from its construction and architecture, the royal residence of Knossos is most renowned for its link to Greek mythology. Namely, the tale of the Labyrinth and the Minotaur and also the among Daedalus and also Icarus. Fine unfold these superordinary tales the relate to Knossos later on.

Who developed the palace of Knossos?

knossos royal residence north entrance Constantinos Iliopoulos shutterstockKnossos royal residence north entrance - credits: Constantinos Iliopoulos/

The royal residence of Knossos is the biggest of the centers of Minoan power. This is a building complex that is emerging in one area of 22,000 sq.m. Constructed on a largely artificial hill, it to be the many impressive that the Minoan palaces. It to be the administrative center that Minoan Knossos.

According come Greek mythology, the famous architect Daedalus draft the palace with such complexity that nobody of those that entered can find the means out.

Daedalus is thought about by many the greatest inventor of old Greece. The was all at once a actual craftsman and an artist. Its artistic tendencies are even shown in his name. ‘Daedalus’, derives native the ancient Greek verb ‘daedalo’, which means to ‘work through art’.

The Labyrinth in Minoan Crete, the subject of Ariadne, the wood cow of Pasiphae, the harpoon the Ariadne, the bow the the pearl of the time, and the flying through wings the wax were all according to mythology creations of Daedalus.

When to be the royal residence at Knossos built?

The first palace ~ above the tiny hill by the flow was built around 1900 BC. In the damages of previous settlements. The was first destroyed together with other first-palace palaces in Crete about 1700 BC, more than likely by a major earthquake or foreign invaders. An also more complex was rebuilt immediately. Until its abandonment, it was destroyed several times during earthquakes, and also invasions. Finally, that was destroyed in 1450 BC. Indigenous the huge volcanic eruption the Santorini and also the invasion of the Mycenaeans. The intrusion led to Knossos being used as their funding on the island of Crete until 1375 BC.

The throne room that Knossos Palace

knossos palace kings chamberThe King"s chamber at Knossos royal residence - credits:

The throne room of Knossos was situated on the north next of the spiritual apartments. The enntrance gate to it was from the key courtyard through a quadruple multi-door and four steps. On one far side the this room stood a stone throne, built to mimic wood. One mural depicts a pair that griffins frame the throne. On the contrary side to be a tank the purifications, denote the sacred character the the space.

The throne room is a unique discover with a purely Minoan character, return there are similarities v the Mycenaean mansion, together is known from the royal residence of Pylos. The throne was taken into consideration the chair of Minos and also the throne room as the listening room of the citizens. Newer interpretations, however, the take into account the theocratic character of the management in Minoan Crete, have tendency to characterize the throne together hieratic and not as the throne that the Minoan leader.It is thought that that was mainly used together a concentrator that Minos and also the priesthood. There, they supplied to decision on matters of law.

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Mythical lift of the royal residence of Knossos

Theseus fighting the Minotaur - Knossos palace - credits: MatiasDelCarmine/
The Minotaur to be a half-man, half-bull, and also was retained in the Labyrinth – a maze – by King Minos, leader of Crete, who resided in his royal residence at Knossos. That was stated that the Minotaur was the king son. The king"s daughter,Ariadne, however, fell in love through Theseus. Once he gotten in the Labyrinth to fight the Minotaur, Ariadne offered him a sphere of object which the unwound, so that he can find his method back by adhering to it. Theseus killed the Minotaur, and also then he and also Ariadne fled from Crete, escaping her angry father.