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Mansa Musa (D. 1337) In the thirteenth century, the Mandinka people of the state that Kangaba in west Sudan arised as the most powerful group in Africa. The rise of the Mandinka to be due largely to one man, Kankan Musa who is commonly known as Mansa (Emperor) Musa.

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It is not well-known when Mansa Musa to be born, but it is most likely that he to be the grandson or grandnephew of the legend Sundiata, who established the family members dynasty. Mansa Musa came to the Mandinka throne in 1312following the death of his predecessor, Abu-Bakr II. The oversaw countless conquests, consisting of that of Ghana, and created the empire of Mali, judgment all (or parts) of modern day Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Chad.

Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim. He became the an initial Muslim ruler in West Africa to do the practically four thousand mile trip to Mecca. Preparing for the exploration took years and involved the work-related of artisans in countless towns and also cities throughout Mali. In 1324 Musa started his expedition with an entourage of hundreds of escorts from his resources of Niani on the upper Niger river to Walata (present-day Oualata, Mauritania) and also on to Tuat (now in Algeria) before making his method to Cairo, Egypt.

He to be accompanied by a caravan consist of of sixty thousands men, including twelve thousand richly dressed servants and also supporters. Musa made generous donations come the poor and to charity organizations and the rulers the the floor his entourage crossed. On his prevent in Cairo, Egypt, the Emperor offered out so lot gold that he produced a brief decrease in the value. Cairo’s gold market recovered over a te later.

Rulers of West african States prior to Mansa Musa had made the pilgrimage to Mecca, however it was his lavish journey the awakened the people to the wealth of Mali. Prior to long, traders from other parts the Africa, the middle East, and also even from as much away together Europe to be seeking come do business there.

Upon his return indigenous Mecca, Mansa Musa brought Arab scholars, government bureaucrats, and architects. Among those who reverted with him to be the architect Ishaq El Teudjin who introduced progressed building methods to Mali, including the use of fired bricks versus sun-dried bricks. That designed numerous structures for the Emperor including a brand-new palace named Madagou, the mosque at Gao, the second largest city in Mali, and also the still-standing an excellent mosque at Timbuktu, the largest city in the empire. The mosque was named the Djinguereber. El Teudjin’s most famous architecture was the Emperor’s room at the Malian capital of Niani.

Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage enhanced Islamic education in Mali by including mosques, libraries, and also universities. The great mosque the Sankore was particularly striking. Over the years it additionally became a facility for the teaching of Islamic philosophy and also law, paving the method for the later on University of Sankore, in enhancement to bringing increased commerce and scholars, poets, and also artisans. In fact, under Mansa Musa, Timbuktu became one the the major cultural centers not just of Africa however of the entire world. Also after the power of Mali declined, Timbuktu stayed the major Islamic center of sub-Saharan Africa.

The awareness the Musa by other Islamic leaders carried increased commerce and also scholars, poets, and also artisans, making Timbuktu one of the leading cities in the Islamic human being during the time when the most progressed nations from Spain to central India were Muslim. Timbuktu was plainly the center of Islamic Sub-Saharan Africa.

Mansa Musa liked to boast that it would certainly take a year because that someone to take trip from one finish of his empire to the other. It was not fairly that large; even so, a fourteenth-century traveler called Ibn Battuta reported that it took 4 months to travel from the northern border of the Mali realm to the funding city of Niani in the south. For the following two century Italian, German, and also Spanish cartographers produced maps the the human being which showed Mali and also which often referenced Mansa Musa. The first of this maps appeared in Italy in 1339 through Mansa Musa’s name and likeness.

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Mansa Musa passed away in 1337 after a twenty-five year reign. He was thrived by his son, Maghan I.