Western europe Tack native 900-1600 c.e.

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This web page is really long, please give it time to loadBridles and also ReinsBitsSaddlesGirthsStirrupsBibliography

Bridles and also Reins

Bridles often look how amazing modern, but then there yes, really aren"t that many ways to put strips that leather around a horse"s head, and make it operate properly. Notification also that the civilization are regularly using double reins. Numerous of the curb bits from duration are set up v a ring at the mouthpiece for this reason they deserve to be offered as a pelham.

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a. Roman v X throughout face. Bronze head, Castellamare Stabia, Italyb. Bridle information with quite rosette, indigenous the Westminster Psalter, by Matthew of Paris, c. 1250c. A very wide bridle indigenous Froissart"s Chronicles
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d. An instance of dual rein indigenous Froissart"s Chroniclese. Detail from Durer"s The four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, 1498, keep in mind snaffle bit
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f. Detail from King Rene"s publication of Love, note twin reinsg. Interesting bridle details native Froissarts Chroniclesh. Detail of chain reins, Miniature indigenous an resolve by the town of Prato toRobert the Anjou, Italy, c.1335-1340, british Museum
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i. Sophisticated and straightforward bridles native the trip of the Majij. Bridle over the Bards, Minnesanger Manuscript
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k. Some really fancy bridles and reins from Tres riches Heures

Bits

Bits come in plenty of shapes and also sizes, with and without curb. I recommend the if you have actually a little bit that your equine likes and also works well in, don"t change it. The possibilities are the you can uncover one very comparable to it.

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l. Assyrian animal motif bit. Level straight bar mouthpiece snaffle.(way also early, but an extremely cool)m. A western Asian, complete cheek, jointed mouthpiece, snaffle bit, very early.
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n. A Celtic bronze snaffle with enamel, roman inn Periodo. Iron snaffle little used in 5thc. Poland
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p. A couple medieval snafflesq. A watch of a little bit in the mouth, from The meeting of the Queen of Sheba and also King Solomon,by Piero della Francesca, Church of san Francesco, Arezzo.r. 16thc. Curb bit with high port, keys and rollers. Attributed to Henry VIII.s. 16thc. Pelham the German origin

Saddles

Evolution that saddles:(Not constantly in this bespeak in history)A. Naught (bareback)B. BlanketC. Stuffed PadD. Rigid treeTo the best of my knowledge:The ancient Greeks supplied A and B.The Romans provided all four.Medieval used greatly D, yet there are exceptions where they used any kind of or all of the other three.Renaissance folk used largely D, through the same varieties of exceptions as for Medievals.There are plenty of exceptions to these as all rules. For example particular horse gyeongju were constantly run bareback.Saddles have the right to be organized to the horse with quite much any type of girth arrangement. Over there are images of single, twin and triple girth arrangements. The girths attach to the saddle in various locations or operation over the seat.

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a. Detail of Young horsemen in ~ the Panathenaic games, through Phidias, Parthenon frieze, Athensb. Information from a funeral procession, 7thc. Bce tomb relief native Xanthus in Lycia, currently in british Museum
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c. Sythian hobbling his horse. Chertomlyk Vase, 4th c. Bced. Saddle of leather and also felt indigenous Pazyryk burial, Altai 5th c.bce
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e. Information from the Stele of Silius, mirroring a 4 horned roman inn Saddlef. Samnite warrior in battle dress, Pompeiig. Lay out of a rebuilded 11thc. Polish saddle
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h. So late fifteenth c. Saddle probably from the Hungarian Dragon Order, urban Museum that Art.i. Saddle detail from St. George and the Dragon, roger Van der Weyden, c.1432,note saddle is quite similar to the "Hungarian Dragon Order" saddle
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j. Detail of a Jousting saddle from 1466, note flat profile.k. Henry V"s saddle optimal view, Westminster Abbey
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l. Saddle detail from St. George and also the Dragon, Church of san Zeno Maggiore,14thc? Verona2or 3 girths wraparound saddlem. Information of a saddle(full) indigenous a Joust. Mid 15th c.n. Information of a saddle(empty) from a Joust. Mid. 15th c.
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o. Maximillian layout war saddle, about 1520.p. A war saddle probably made by Jorg Seusenhofer that Innsbruck, c.1549q. German Gestech joust saddle, late 15thc.
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r. 16thc. Spanish war saddle, imperial Armor Museum, Madrid, Spains. Saddle and also accouterments, created King Christian IV of Denmark, 1634from royal Mews, England
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t. A gentleman"s saddle of around 1640, component of the Barnsby arsenal at Walsall, England. Note similarity to contemporary Austrailian saddlesu. Detail from Certamen equestre, etching, c.1672 by Goerge Christoph Eimmart, mirroring details of polish Winged Hussar Trapping. Occasionally the wings to be attached come the saddle, periodically to the armor backplate.
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v. Modern-day Russian saddle in the royal Mews the England.Note the similarity between this one and the rebuilded Polish one.w. A modern-day Spanish saddle in the royal Mews, England.These haven"t really adjusted since 1600, and also are still accessible to purchase. Stirrups space Moorish in style.

Girths

Girths are crucial to organize the saddle on the horse. Many pictures have only one showing, however, there room a number v two or more.

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x. Saddle information showing 2 girths indigenous the Winchester bible c.1170, note big buckles.y. Detail of steed harnessed to a cart, yet showing 3 girths.

Stirrups

Stirrups space thought to have actually been designed on the Steppes. The an initial recorded incidence is in China in around 400 c.e., and in Europe in around 700 c.e. Toes loops space thought to it is in earlier. If any kind of of you reading this have any kind of solid main documentation on really early on stirrups or pictures, permit me know.

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a. Oriental figurine from the fourth century c.e.b. One of a pair that stirrups uncovered in an 8th c. Grave in Holiare Slovakia (in situ)c. Brace 11thc. Polandd. Iron stirrup 11th or 12 thc. Main Europee. Sketches of stirrups found in London. Museum of London

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

The age of ChivalryA volume in the story of guy libraryEd. Kenneth M. SettonNational Geographic society 1969Arms and Armour that the middle ages KnightDavid Edge and John mile PaddockCrescent BooksNew York, 1988Art in Poland 1572-1764Land of the Winged HussarsArt services InternationalAlexandria, VA 1999Bit by BitDianna R. TukeJ.A.Allen and Co. Ltd.London, 1991BitsLouis TaylorWilshire book Co.N. Hollywood, CA 1966Bits and also Bitting ManualWilliam G. Langdon, Jr.Langdon EnterprisesColbert, WA 1989CavalryThe background of placed warfareJohn EllisG.P.Putnam"s SonsNew York, 1978Discovering Harness and also SaddleryG.Tylden, MajorShire Publications, Ltd.Aylesbury, Bucks, UK 1979A background of HorsemanshipCharles Chenevix-TenchDoubleday & Co., Inc.Garden City, NY 1970EQUUSThe equine in the roman inn WorldAnn HylandYale university Press,New Haven and also London, 1990A background of HorsemanshipCharles Chenevix-TrenchDoubleday and also Co. Inc.Garden City, NY, 1970The steed in medieval EnglandHerbert James HewittJ.A.Allen and Co. Ltd.London, 1983Horse PowerJuliet Clutton-BrockHarvard university PressCambridge, MA, 1992Horse TackThe complete equipment guidefor riding and also drivingEd. Julie RichardsonWilliam Morrow and also Co. Inc., London 1981Horses and also Horsemanship through the AgesLuigi GianoliCrown Publishers1969The Howell publication of Saddlery and TackEd. Elwyn Hartley-EdwardsHowell publication House Inc.New York, 1981The Life, history and Magic the the Horse.Donald BraiderMadison Square PressGrosset & Dunlap, PublishersNew York, 1973Know All about TackGeorge DulaneyThe Farnam equine LibraryOmaha, NB, 1974Making and also Repairing western SaddlesDave JonesArco Publishing, Inc.New York, 1982Man and also Horse in HistoryMatthew J. KustPlutarch PressAlexandria, VA 1983Man and the Horse,A. Mackay-Smith, J.R. DruesedowT. RyderSimon and also Schuster, new York, 1984The medieval Horse and its Equipmentc. 1150-c.1450ed. Man ClarkMuseum the London, London, 1995Medieval PageantBryan HolmeThames and HudsonLondon, 1987The middle ages WarhorseR.H.C.DavisThames and HusdsonLondon, 1989The Noble HorseWerner SchmalenbachJ.A.Allen and also Co.London, 1962The Noble HorseMonique and also Hans D. DossenbachCrescent BooksNew York, 1994The photographic Arts that the West 800-1200 C.R. DodwellYale college PressNew Haven & London, 1993Princely Feasts and also FestivalsBryan HolmeThames and also HudsonLondon, 1988The regime of ChivalryRichard BarberSt. Martin"s PressNew York 1980The Rider"s HandbookA step-by-step courseSally GordonChartwell Books, Inc.Secaucus, brand-new Jersey 1979The roman CavalryKaren R. Dixon and Pat SouthernBarnes and also Noble BooksNew York, 1992The Royal steed of EuropeSylvia LochJ.A. Allen & Co. Ltd., London, 1986SaddlesRussel H. BeatieUniversity of Oklahoma PressNorman & London, 1981SaddleryE.Hartley EdwardsJ.A.Allen and Co. Ltd.London, 1987They Rode into EuropeMiklos JankovichCharles Srcribner"s SonsNew York 1971To Handmake a SaddleJ.H.L.ShieldsJ.A.Allen and Co.London, 1983