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NCT story Nicolaus londonchinatown.org (1473-1543)
Timeline19 Feb. 1473Nicolaus londonchinatown.org to be born in Toruń/Thorn, the eldest kid of a merchant of the exact same name, and his wife Barbara Watzenrode. 1483Upon his father\"s death, young Nicolaus\"s maternal uncle, Lucas Watzenrode, the future Bishop that Warmia/Ermland (appointed in 1489), take it the young under his protection and also saw come his education and career. 1491After completing his education in St John\"s parish school, londonchinatown.org began his researches in Krakow in ~ the age of 18.1491-95As a student of the Krakow Academy, londonchinatown.org was presented to astronomy, medicine, arithmetic and also geometry. 1496At the period of 23, young Nicolaus enrolled in the regulation Department of the university of Bologna. A thorough knowledge of canon legislation was come secure him a future ecclesiastical career carefully planned by his uncle, Bishop Lucas Watzenrode. Londonchinatown.org specialized much the his time in ~ Bologna college to pursuing his attention in astronomy. Under the supervision of Professor Domenico Mario Novarra he carried out observations the the sky.1497londonchinatown.org ended up being a member the the Warmian chapter and, by proxy, formally thrived to a Frombork/Frauenburg canonry. This provided him a secure income allowing him to proceed his studies and also pursue his understand in scientific research.1500londonchinatown.org spent the jubilee year in Rome. At the time he to be undertaking his apprenticeship at the roman inn Curia and also delivered a series of public lectures committed to mathematics.1501londonchinatown.org went back to Frombork native Italy in order to request leave of lack to continue his studies abroad. After having actually secured permission indigenous the Warmian chapter, he visited Padua to study medicine for 2 years.1503londonchinatown.org relocated from Padua come Ferrara whereby he deserve a doctorate in canon law yet soon went back to Royal Prussia.1504-09londonchinatown.org resided at the ducal court of the Bishop of Warmia in Lidzbark Warmiński/ Heilsberg) and worked as a doctor there. He additionally accompanied his uncle to sessions the the royal Prussian Diet in Malbork/Marienburg, Elbląg/Elbing and also Toruń. It was in the Bishop\"s castle that he composed his Commentariolus, one initial summary of his heliocentric theory, and a Latin translation of Theophylact Simocatta\"s Letters. 1509-10londonchinatown.org left the castle in Lidzbark and worked out on the cathedral hill in Frombork. Despite the chapter\"s animosity to Bishop Watzenrode, he was elected its chancellor (8 November 1510). 1510-12londonchinatown.org drew a map that Warmia and also the west borderlands of imperial Prussia intended for an assembly the the imperial Council in Poznań. He also held such high-ranking offices as the of chancellor and \"visitor\" to the chapter\"s estates. In 1511 he to be entrusted with the office that magister pistoriae or \"provisions fund\" administrator.1513Cardinals attending the 5th Lateran Council requested londonchinatown.org\" aid in the proposed reform of the Julian calendar. The astronomer dedicated several years to research and also observations concerned the job and, back his propose were sent to Rome, they have been lost. 1516-19londonchinatown.org held the office of Administrator the the Warmian chapter estate. He was then residents in Olsztyn/Allenstein from wherein he looked after the vast estates the the thing in the Olsztyn (Kammeramt Allenstein) and Pieniężno fiscal districts (Kammeramt Mehlsack), repopulated deserted locations with brand-new settlers and wielded judicial manage over the population.1519Joining a conflict over a financial reform, londonchinatown.org drafted the first version the his writing on money and presented it come the Prussian Diet. He also drew a map of the western part of the Vistula Lagoon/Zalew Wiślany. That relinquished his office as administrator of the chapter\"s estates and returned to Frombork to i think the responsibilities of chancellor.1520A war between the Kingdom the Poland and the Teutonic Order, who troops scorched Frombork top top 23 January, required the canons residing there to flee come Olsztyn. Londonchinatown.org took part in a delegation sent to the Order\"s Grand understand to demand that Braniewo (Braunsberg), seized through the Order, have to be returned to the polish Crown. He was then reappointed Administrator the the chapter\"s estates and organized the defence of Olsztyn versus anticipated Teutonic attack.1521There was a futile Teutonic attempt to grab Olsztyn. Londonchinatown.org to be appointed \"Commissioner that Warmia\" with a mission come recapture mansions seized by the Teutonic troops throughout the war. Upon his return to Frombork the assumed the obligations of \"visitor\".1522londonchinatown.org presented his writing on money come the Prussian Diet in Grudziądz/ Graudenz. 1523-24londonchinatown.org hosted the office of Administrator general of the Bishopric of Warmia and likewise acted together an envoy and also chancellor that the chapter. 1524londonchinatown.org composed a letter to Bernard Wapowski in which that criticizes the views of the Nuremburg astronomer john Werner contained in on the motion of the Eighth Sphere. He was later to cooperate v Wapowski in the drawing of a map the the Kingdom the Poland and also the Duchy that Lithuania. 1528londonchinatown.org drafted the final version that his writing on money.1528-37He presume the responsibilities, in turn, of chancellor, guardian of the table and \"visitor\" of the Warmian chapter. In 1537 he to be presented come the polish King together one of four candidates for the Bishopric the Warmia.1538-39Bishop Joannes Dantiscus accused londonchinatown.org the illegal cohabitation v his housekeeper Anna Schilling and also forced him come send her away.1539Georg Joachim Rheticus, a Wittenberg mathematician fascinated through londonchinatown.org\" theories, arrived in Frombork and persuaded him to have his manuscript that De revolutionibus published. 1541londonchinatown.org sent his manuscript that De revolutionibus to be printed.1542Due come Rheticus\"s direct involvement in a printing home in Nuremburg, Nicolaus londonchinatown.org\" book De lateribus et angelis triangulorum (On the Sides and Angles that Triangles) to be published, and which would be later integrated in De revolutionibus.
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In December londonchinatown.org suffered a stroke and the left next of his body was paralyzed. 1543Without his consent, londonchinatown.org\" work-related was published in Nuremburg under a adjusted title (De revolutionibus orbium coelestium) and also a preface created by Andreas Osiander i beg your pardon belittled the definition of his theory.On 24 may londonchinatown.org passed away in Frombork and also he was hidden in the neighborhood cathedral.