A an extensive overview of present bullying prevention research conducted by federal government and higher education agencies.

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Rates that Incidence

Effects that Bullying


Cyberbullying amongst Tweens (9-12 year Old)

One in 5 tweens (20.9%) has actually been cyberbullied, cyberbullied others, or watched cyberbullying49.8% that tweens said they proficient bullying in ~ school and also 14.5% that tweens mutual they competent bullying online13% of tweens reported enduring bullying at school and also online, while only 1% reported gift bullied specifically onlineNine the end of ten tweens use social media or gaming apps (Patchin & Hinduja, 2020)Tweens common they were engaging top top the adhering to sites, apps, or games: YouTube, Minecraft, Roblox, Google Classroom, Fortnite, TikTok, YouTube Kids, Snapchat, on facebook Messenger Kids, Instagram, Discord, Facebook, and TwitchTweens that were cyberbullied mutual that it negatively influenced their feelings around themselves (69.1%), your friendships (31.9%), your physical health and wellness (13.1%), and also their schoolwork (6.5%)Tweens reported utilizing a variety of techniques to stop the bullying including blocking the person bullying them (60.2%), informing a parental (50.8%), skip the human being (42.8%), reporting it come the website or application (29.8%), and also taking a rest from the machine (29.6%)Two-thirds of tweens are willing to step in to defend, support, or aid those gift bullied in ~ school and online when they view itBarriers to helping when tweens witness bullying at school or online contained being afraid of making points worse, not learning what to carry out or say, no knowing just how to report it online, gift afraid others youngsters will make funny of them, gift afraid to get hurt, and also not discovering who come tell

SOURCE: Patchin, J.W., & Hinduja, S. (2020). Tween Cyberbullying in 2020. Cyberbullying research Center and Cartoon Network. re-cover from: https://i.cartoonnetwork.com/stop-bullying/pdfs/CN_Stop_Bullying_Cyber_Bullying_Report_9.30.20.pdf.

Bullying of Students with Disabilities

Successful tactics to protect against bullying amongst students with disabilities incorporate (Rose & Monda-Amaya, 2012):Teachers and peers engaging in meaningful and appropriate social interactions Creating opportunities to increase social competence and positive interactions institutions adopting ideal intervention strategies that encourage society awareness and administer individualized interventions for targets with disabilities

Bullying of student of Color

Bullying of college student Who identify or Are perceived as LGBTQ

Bullying and Suicide




Centers for disease Control, National facility for Injury Prevention and Control (2019). Preventing bullying. Retrieved indigenous https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/yv/bullying-factsheet508.pdf.

Centers for condition Control and Prevention, National facility for Injury Prevention and also Control (2014). The Relationship in between Bullying and also Suicide: What we Know and What it method for Schools. Retrieved native https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/bullying-suicide-translation-final-a.pdf.

Davis, S., & Nixon, C. (2010). The youth voice research project: Victimization and strategies. Re-cover from: http://njbullying.org/documents/YVPMarch2010.pdf.

Espelage, D. L., & Holt, M. K. (2013). Suicidal ideation and also school bullying experience after controlling for depression and also delinquency. Journal that Adolescent Health, 53. Retrieved indigenous http://www.ncdsv.org/images/JAH_Suicidal-ideation-and-school-bullying_7-2013.pdf.

Gini, G., & Espelage, D. D. (2014) Peer victimization, cyberbullying, and also suicide hazard in children and also adolescents. JAMA Pediatrics, 312, 545-546. Retrieved indigenous http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/1892227 .

Hamm, M. P., Newton, A. S., & Chisholm, A. (2015). Prevalence and also effect the cyberbullying ~ above children and young people: A scoping review of society media students. JAMA Pediatrics, 169, 770-777. Retrieved native https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26098362

Hatzenbuehler, M. L., & Keyes, K. M. (2013). Inclusive anti-bullying policies and also reduced hazard of self-destruction attempts in lesbian and also gay youth. Journal the Adolescent Health, 53, 21-26. Retrieved native http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3696185/?tool=pmcentrez .

Kosciw, J. G., Greytak, E. A., Zongrone, A. D., Clark, C. M., & Truong, N. L. (2018). The 2017 nationwide School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer youth in our nation’s schools. New York: GLSEN. Retrieved from https://www.glsen.org/sites/default/files/2019-10/GLSEN-2017-National-School-Climate-Survey-NSCS-Full-Report.pdf.

McCallion, G., & Feder, J. (2013). College student bullying: outline of research, federal initiatives, and legal issues. Congressional research study Service. Retrieved from http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R43254.pdf.

Modecki, K. L., Minchin, J., Harbaugh, A. G., Guerra, N. G., & Runions, K. C. (2014). Bullying prevalence across contexts: A meta-analysis measure cyber and also traditional bullying. Journal that Adolescent Health, 55, 602-611. Retrieved native http://www.jahonline.org/article/S1054-139X(14)00254-7/abstract .

National center for education Statistics. (2019). Student reports the bullying: outcomes from the 2017 school Crime supplement to the nationwide Victimization Survey. US department of Education. Retrieved indigenous http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2015056 .

Patchin, J. W., & Hinduja, S. (2019). 2019 Cyberbullying Data. Cyberbullying research Center. Retrieved native https://cyberbullying.org/2019-cyberbullying-data .

Patchin, J.W., & Hinduja, S. (2020). Tween Cyberbullying in 2020. Cyberbullying research Center and Cartoon Network. Re-cover from: https://i.cartoonnetwork.com/stop-bullying/pdfs/CN_Stop_Bullying_Cyber_Bullying_Report_9.30.20.pdf.

Perren, S., Ettekal, I., & Ladd, G. (2013). The impact of peer victimization on later maladjustment: Mediating and moderating impacts of hostile and also self-blaming attributions. Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54, 46-55. Retrieved native https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3527635/ .

Rivers, I., Poteat, V. P., Noret, N., & Ashurst, N. (2009). Observing bullying at school: The mental health and wellness implications that witness status. School Psychology Quarterly, 24, 211–223. Retrieved native https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ866091 .

Rose, C. A., & Espelage, D. L. (2012). Risk and protective factors associated with the bullying authorized of students v emotional and also behavioral disorders. Behavioral Disorders, 37, 133–148. Retrieved native https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ989490

Rose, C. A., & Gage, N. A. (2016). Trying out the authorized of bullying among students with disabilities over time. Exceptional Children, 83, 298-314. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0014402916667587 .

Rosenthal, L., Earnshaw, V. A., Carroll-Scott, A., Henderson, K. E., Peters, S. M., McCaslin, C., & Ickovics, J. R. (2013). Weight- and race-based bullying: wellness associations among urban adolescents. Journal of wellness Psychology. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24155192 .

Russell, S. T., Sinclair, K., Poteat, P., & Koenig, B. (2012). Adolescent health and harassment based upon discriminatory bias. American newspaper of publicly Health, 102(3), 493-495. Retrieved indigenous http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22390513 .

Saylor, C.F. & Leach, J.B. (2009) viewed bullying and social support students accessing distinct inclusion programming. Journal the Developmental and Physical Disabilities. 21, 69-80. Https://doi.org/10.1007/s10882-008-9126-4 .

Thornberg, T., Tenenbaum, L., Varjas, K., Meyers, J., Jungert, T., & Vanegas, G. (2012). Bystander an ideas in bullying incidents: To interference or not to intervene? Western journal of Emergency Medicine, 8(3), 247-252. Retrieved native http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3415829/ .

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U.S. Room of Education, (2015). New data display a decrease in school-based bullying. Retrieved from https://www.ed.gov/news/press-releases/new-data-show-decline-school-based-bullying .