Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld/Saxe-Coburg and also Gotha: In 1675, serious I, duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg died. Initially, his seven sons jointly governed the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, as collection out in your father’s will. In 1680, the seven brothers concluded a contract of separation, through each brother acquiring a portion of the Duchy that Saxe-Gotha Altenburg and becoming a Duke. Among the seven brand-new duchies was the Duchy of Saxe-Saalfeld and also Johann Ernst, among the 7 sons of ernst I, battle each other of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg came to be the an initial Duke the Saxe-Saalfeld. Once two of his brothers passed away without masculine heirs, Johann serious took possession the Coburg (in 1699) and Römhild (in 1714). In 1699, Johann Ernst’s title changed to battle each other of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
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In 1825, 145 years after the early split, an additional line ended up being extinct and there was an additional split in between three enduring duchies. Serious III, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld became Ernst I, fight it out of Saxe-Coburg and also Gotha. For an ext information ~ above the switch, watch Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld/Saxe-Coburg and also Gotha Index.
On November 9, 1918, after ~ the German realm lost civilization War I, the Workers’ and Soldiers council of Gotha, deposed the last battle each other of Saxe-Coburg and also Gotha, Charles Edward, a nephew of Queen Victoria. Five days later, he signed a declaration relinquishing his legal rights to the throne. The are that encompassed the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is now in the German claims of Bavaria and also Thuringia.
Credit – Wikipedia
The mom of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s husband, Princess Louise that Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (Luise Pauline Charlotte Friederike Auguste) was born on December 21, 1800, in ~ Schloss Friedenstein in Gotha, Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, currently in Thuringia, Germany. Louise to be the just child the Augustus, battle each other of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and also his very first wife Louise Charlotte that Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Louise’s mother never recovered indigenous childbirth and died eleven days later at the age of 21.
Louise’s dad Augustus married again in 1802 come Princess Karoline Amalie the Hesse-Kassel. The marriage was childless, however Karoline Amalie was a dedicated stepmother come Louise. Karoline Amalie and Augustus came to be estranged after a few years of marriage and Karoline Amalie withdrew from court life.
On December 20, 1816, the engagement the Louise and the then ernst III, duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (later serious I, fight it out of Saxe-Coburg and also Gotha) was announced. The pair married ~ above July 3, 1817, in ~ Louise’s birthplace Schloss Friedenstein. The bride was 16 and the groom was 33. There is some indication that Louise had actually heard around Ernst’s womanizing prior to her marriage and also his several illegitimate children, yet by every accounts, she to be optimistic around a happy life v him.
The couple had 2 sons:
Albert (left) and Ernst (right) v their mother Louise; credit – Wikipedia
Although the marital relationship was at first happy, the couple soon prospered apart due to Ernst’s infidelities. In 1823, Louise had an affair with Gottfried von Bülow, the court chamberlain, and in 1824, she had actually an affair with Alexander von Hanstein, among her husband’s equerries. In ~ midnight ~ above September 2, 1824, Louise was compelled to get in exile and permanently reduced off from her children. She was provided a home in St. Wendel in the Principality that Lichtenberg, now in the German state of Saarland, i beg your pardon Ernst had actually received together a reward because that his participation in the Napoleonic Wars. Louise experienced greatly as result of her separation from her two sons. Images of she sons and visitation civil liberties were refuse to her. Ernst and Louise were divorced on march 31, 1826.
Louise’s lover, Freiherr (Baron) Alexander von Hanstein followed her to St. Wendel, and the couple planned to marry. In preparation for the marriage, Friedrich, duke of Saxe-Altenburg created Alexander Graf (Count) von Pölzig and Beiersdorf top top July 19, 1826. ~ above October 18, 1826, Alexander and Louise were married in St. Wendel. They lived in the Schlösschen (Little Palace) there and spent part happy years, however the marriage was childless. Louise had a good interest in the society life of the Principality the Lichtenberg and was revered as its Landesmutter (mother the the country).
Bronze statue the Louise in ~ the St. Wendel town hall; photograph Credit – Wikipedia
On February 16, 1831, Louise traveled v her husband come see doctors in Paris, France since of the degradation of her health. Unfortunately, incurable cervical cancer was diagnosed. Louise passed away on august 30, 1831, in Paris at the age of 30. Louise’s embalmed body had actually been maintained at the Schlösschen (Little Palace) in St. Wendel, but then, as a result of intrigues in ~ the house of Saxe-Coburg, it in which method disappeared. First, the coffin discovered its way to a legit assistant’s house, and then in 1833 to the church in the town of Pfeffelbach in the Principality of Lichtenberg, wherein it put in a basic crypt under the pulpit and was virtually forgotten. Top top June 9, 1846, Louise’s coffin was taken to Coburg, where it remained at the Church the St. Moritz, prior to being relocated to the Ducal Mausoleum in Glockenberg Cemetery in 1860.
Louise’s widower Alexander remarried and had three children. In 1845, Alexander contacted his stepson Prince Albert, that in the meantime had married Queen Victoria, and Albert granted him a pension.
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The Ducal Mausoleum in the Glockenberg Cemetery. Photo: by Störfix – Selbst fotografiert, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4010189
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