Outside the homes of Parliament over there stands a statue of Richard ns seated top top his equine as testimony the he was among England’s bravest and greatest monarchs …or to be he?

All English school children learn about this an excellent king that reigned from 1189-1199. That earned the location ‘Coeur-de-Lion’ or ‘Lion Heart’ together he to be a brave soldier, a an excellent crusader, and won countless battles against Saladin, the leader that the Muslims that were occupying Jerusalem at the time.

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But was he really among the best kings that England – or among the worst?

It shows up that he hadn’t lot interest in gift king …in his ten years as monarch he only spent a few months in England, and it is unconvinced that he can actually speak the English language. He once remarked the he would have sold the whole country if he could have uncovered a buyer. Happily he couldn’t find anyone with the crucial funds!

Richard was the kid of King Henry II and also Queen Eleanor the Aquitaine. The spent lot of his youth in his mother’s court at Poitiers. Throughout the last years that Henry’s reign, Queen Eleanor continually plotted versus him. Motivated by your mother, Richard and his brothers campaigned versus their father in France. King Henry was beat in battle and also surrendered come Richard, and also so on the July fifth 1189, Richard became King of England, duke of Normandy and also Count the Anjou.


After his coronation Richard, having currently taken the crusader’s vow, collection out to sign up with the third Crusade to cost-free the holy Land from Saladin, the leader the the Kurds.

Whilst wintering in Sicily, Richard to be met by his mother along with a potential bride to-be…Berengaria that Navarre. He at first resisted the match.

On the way to the divine Land, component of Richard’s fleet to be wrecked turn off Cyprus. The island’s ruler Isaac i made the wrong of upsetting Richard by badly dealing with his enduring crews. Richard had actually landed in Rhodes but immediately sailed earlier to Cyprus where he defeated and deposed Isaac.

Whether it to be the magic that the island, the heightened senses indigenous his success or something else entirely, it was in Cyprus that Richard relented and also married Berengaria the Navarre. One unlikely location perhaps because that an English king to acquire married, nevertheless Berengaria was crowned Queen the England and also Cyprus.

Richard ongoing with the Crusade, landing and taking the city of Acre top top 8 June 1191. Whilst reports that his daring deeds and exploits in the holy Land excited the folks ago home and also in Rome, in fact he failed to achieve the main objective which to be to regain manage of Jerusalem.

So in at an early stage October, after concluding a 3 years’ peace address Saladin he set off alone on the long journey home. During the trip Richard to be shipwrecked in the Adriatic and also eventually captured by the battle each other of Austria. A heavy ransom to be demanded because that his release.

Kings apparently execute not come cheap, and also in England it take it a quarter of every man’s revenue for a totality year come raise the funds for Richard’s release. He ultimately returned come England in in march 1194.

However he didn’t spend lot time in England and also spent the remainder of his life in France doing what he seemed to enjoy most of every …fighting.

It was while besieging the lock at Chalus in France the he to be shot by a crossbow bolt in the shoulder. Gangrene set in and Richard bespeak the archer who had shot him, to involved his bedside. The archer’s name was Bertram, and Richard offered him a hundreds shillings and set him free.

King Richard died at the period of 41 indigenous this wound. The throne passed come his brothers John.

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A sad finish for the Lion-Heart, and alas, additionally for poor Bertram the archer. Despite the king’s pardon he was flayed alive and also then hanged.