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Transformations: Rotations londonchinatown.org Topical synopsis | Geometry overview | MathBits" Teacher sources Terms the Use call Person: Donna Roberts
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A rotation is a revolution that transforms a figure around a fixed allude called the center of rotation. • things and that rotation space the same shape and also size, but the figures may be turned in various directions. • Rotations may be clockwise or counterclockwise. as soon as working in the name: coordinates plane: • assume the center of rotation to be the beginning unless called otherwise. • assume a positive angle that rotation turns the figure counterclockwise, and also a negative angle transforms the number clockwise (unless told otherwise).
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The triangle is rotated about P. The letters provided to brand the triangle have not been rotated.

You are watching: Rotations on the coordinate plane


The planet experiences one finish rotation ~ above its axis every 24 hours.
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When working through rotations, friend should have the ability to recognize angles of particular sizes. Popular angles incorporate 30º (one third of a best angle), 45º (half that a ideal angle), 90º (a appropriate angle), 180º, 270º and 360º.

you should likewise understand the directionality the a unit one (a circle through a radius length of 1 unit). An alert that the level movement top top a unit circle goes in a counterclockwise direction, the same direction together the number is numbered of the quadrants: I, II, III, IV. Keep this snapshot in mind once working with rotations ~ above a coordinate grid.

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Rotations in the name: coordinates plane: store in mind that rotations ~ above a name: coordinates grid are considered to it is in counterclockwise, uneven otherwise stated. While most rotations will certainly be centered at the origin, the center of rotation will certainly be indicated in the difficulty (or in the notation).


Starting v ΔABC, draw the rotation the 90º focused at the origin. (The rotation is counterclockwise.)

To "see" that this is a rotation that 90º, imagine point B attached come the red arrow. The red arrowhead is then moved 90º (notice the 90º angle created by the two red arrows). Look in ~ the brand-new position of point B, labeled B". This same technique can be offered for all three vertices.


Starting v ΔABC, attract the rotation of 180º centered at the origin. (The rotation is counterclockwise.)

As us did in the vault example, imagine point B attached to the red arrow from the facility (0,0). The arrow is then moved 180º (which forms a directly line). Notice the new position the B, labeling B".


Rotation of 180º on name: coordinates axes. Centered at origin. (x, y) → (-x, -y)(same as allude reflection in origin)
Starting through quadrilateral ABCD, attract the rotation the 270º focused at the origin. (The rotation is counterclockwise.)

As we did in the ahead examples, imagine allude A attached come the red arrowhead from the center (0,0). The arrowhead is then moved 270º (counterclockwise). Notification the new position that A, labeling A". due to the fact that A was "on" the axis, A" is additionally on the axis.

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If the rotation angles are providing you trouble, imagine a unit circle v a movable "bug" ~ above a radial arm from the origin. Totter the "bug" around and also look at the angle created by the move, and the position of the "bug".

Topical outline | Geometry overview | londonchinatown.org | MathBits" Teacher sources Terms of Use contact Person: Donna Roberts