Key Points

The Gupta empire flourished under Chandragupta II, but began to falter under his son, Kumaragupta, and grandson, Skandagupta.The Huna People, likewise known as Huns, got into Gupta territory and also caused significant damage to the empire.The Gupta empire ended in 550 CE, once it disintegrated into local kingdoms ~ a series of weak rulers and also invasions native the east, west, and also north.

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Terms

Huna

A central Asian Xionite tribe that consisted of four hordes that repeatedly invaded Gupta territory, and also helped cause the downfall the the Gupta Empire.

Skandagupta

Son the Kumaragupta I; the emperor the the Gupta dynasty from c. 455-467 CE.

Kumaragupta I

Son that Chandragupta II; the emperor of the Gupta empire from c. 415-455 CE.

Chandragupta II

The emperor of the Gupta empire of ancient India indigenous c. 380-415 CE.


The Gupta empire flourished, in military and also territorial conquests as well as social and scholastic advancements, throughout the power of Emperor Chandragupta II. Yet the succeeding rulers, start with Kumaragupta I and also then Skandagupta, oversaw the eventual finish of the Gupta empire through military defeats, devalued money and also withering leadership.

Kumaragupta

In 415 CE, Chandragupta II was flourished by his 2nd son, Kumaragupta I, that ruled efficiently until 455 CE. The so late years of his reign, however, challenged difficulties. The Pushyamitras, a people of central India, climbed up in rebellion versus Kumaragupta, while Gupta areas were attacked by the west Huna people, additionally known as White Huns.

Kumaragupta defeated both groups and also celebrated his success by performing the imperial Vedic ritual of Ashwamedha, or steed sacrifice, which had actually previously been performed by his grandfather, Emperor Samudragupta, to celebrate his own an excellent military victories.


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Coin of Kumaragupta I. A silver coin native the reign of Gupta Emperor Kumaragupta I, c. 415-455 CE.


As his grandfather and also father did prior to him, Kumaragupta also issued news coins to note his reign. They to be stamped with photos of his namesake god, mr Kumara, concerned by Hindus together Regent that Earth.

Skandagupta

Upon Kumaragupta’s fatality in 455 CE, his son, Skandagupta, presume the throne and ruled until c. 467 CE. The is taken into consideration the critical of the good Gupta rulers before the please of the empire.

Skandagupta, that was celebrated as a great warrior for his victorious clashes v the Huns during his father’s reign, beat several rebellions and also external hazards from the Huna people, significantly an invasion in 455 CE. Although victorious, the expenses of the wars against the Hunas drained the empire’s resources. The worth of the coinage approve under Skandagupta ending up being severely reduced.


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Coin the Skandagupta. A coin emblazoned through the photo of Gupta dynasty Emperor Skandagupta, that ruled c. 455-467 CE.


The Huna and also Gupta’s Demise

The Huna were a central Asian Xionite tribe that consisted of four hordes: northern Huna, also known together the black Huns; southerly Huna, the Red Huns; east Huna, the Celestial Huns; and also the White Huns, the western Huna. The White Huns, those who got into the Gupta Empire throughout the reign of Kumaragupta, were also known together the Hephthalites, and also caused great damage to the failing Gupta Empire. Skandagupta died in 467 CE, and was adhered to onto the throne by his half-brother, Purugupta, who ruled native 467-473 CE.

Thereafter came a succession of weak kings, start with Kumaragupta II from 473-476 CE, complied with by Budhagupta, the boy of Purugupta. The Hephthalites broke through the Gupta military defenses in the northwest in the 480s, during the reign of Budhagupta, and also by 500 CE much of the realm in northwest was overrun by the Huna.

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The realm thereafter disintegrated into numerous regional kingdoms, ruled by chieftains. A minor heat of the Gupta Clan continued to ascendancy Magadha, one of the 16 Indian Mahajanapadas, or “Great Countries,” but the Gupta empire fell through 550 CE.