APOLLODORUS or Pseudo-Apollodorus is the name traditionally offered to the author of the Greek work recognized as The Library or Bibliotheca, a compendium of myth sourced from old Greek epic and the theatre of the Tragedians. The work-related was traditionally ascribed come Apollodorus the Alexandria, a Greek scholar who prospered in the C2nd B.C., but his authorship is currently dismissed. The job-related is generally believed to be a C2nd A.D. Compilation.
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Apollodorus. The Library. Translated by teacher James George Frazer. Loeb classic Library volumes 121 & 122. Cambridge, MA, Harvard university Press; London, wilhelm Heinemann Ltd. 1921.
The 2 Loeb volumes of Apollodorus are still in print and also available brand-new at Amazon.com (click on image right because that details). In enhancement to the translation the book contains the resource Greek text and Frazer\"s copious arrival and footnotes.
For some more recent translations the Apollodorus\" Library and academic commentaries top top the work-related see the booklist (left below).
NOTE: I have actually quoted native the Aldrich translation quite than the Loeb volume on the biography pages that the londonchinatown.org Greek Mythology site.
THE LIBRARY CONTENTS
1. Theogony: birth of Zeus2. Theogony: war of the Titans3. Theogony: Olympian Gods4. Apollo & Artemis5. Demeter & Persephone6. Battle of the Giants, Typhon7. Prometheus, Deucalion, Daughters that Aeolus8. Oeneus, Meleager, Tydeus9. Sons of Aeolus, Melampus, Admetus, Pelias, Argonauts
1. Io, Danaides2. Proetus, Proetides3. Bellerophon4. Perseus, young of Perseus, Amphitryon, birth of Heracles5. Twelve Labours of Heracles6. Wars of Heracles7. Heracleidae
1. Europa, Minos, Pasiphae2. Catreus3. Glaucus4. Cadmus, Semele, Actaeon5. Dionysus, Antiope, Amphion & Zethus, Oedipus6. Seven versus Thebes7. Epigoni8. Lycaon, Callisto9. Auge, Atalanta10. Pleiades, Hermes, Coronis, Asclepius, Leda, Suitors that Helen11. Dioscuri12. Dardanus, Ilus, Priam, Aeacus, Telamon13. Peleus & Thetis14. Cecrops, Adonis, Tereus & Procne, Erichthonius15. Cephalus, Oreithyia, Eumolpus, Aegeus16. Theseus
1. Theseus cont.2. Tantalus, Pelops, Atreus3. Trojan War: Antehomerica4. Trojan War: Iliad5. Trojan War: Posthomerica6. Trojan War: Returns7. Odyssey & Telegonia
THE LIBRARY publication 1, translated BY J. G. FRAZER
<1.1.1> skies was the an initial who ruled over the whole world.1 and also having wedded Earth, that begat an initial the Hundred-handed, as they room named: Briareus, Gyes, Cottus, who were unsurpassed in size and also might, every of them having a hundreds hands and also fifty heads.2
<1.1.2> ~ these, earth bore the the Cyclopes, come wit, Arges, Steropes, Brontes3 of whom each had one eye on his forehead. But them sky bound and also cast into Tartarus, a gloomy location in Hades together far remote from planet as earth is far-off from the sky.4
<1.1.3> and also again the begat kids by Earth, come wit, the Titans together they are named: Ocean, Coeus, Hyperion, Crius, Iapetus, and, youngest of all, Cronus; also daughters, the Titanides together they are called: Tethys, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Dione, Thia.5
<1.1.4> yet Earth, grieved at the destruction of she children, who had been actors into Tartarus, encouraged the Titans to strike their father and gave Cronus one adamantine sickle. And also they, all however Ocean, assaulted him, and also Cronus cut off his father\"s genitals and threw them into the sea; and from the drops of the flowing blood were born Furies, to wit, Alecto, Tisiphone, and also Megaera.6 And, having actually dethroned their father, they brought up your brethren who had been hurled down to Tartarus, and committed the sovereignty to Cronus.
<1.1.5> however he again bound and also shut them up in Tartarus, and wedded his sister Rhea; and since both Earth and Sky foretold him the he would certainly be dethroned by his own son, he offered to swallow his offspring at birth. His firstborn Hestia that swallowed, climate Demeter and Hera, and also after castle Pluto and also Poseidon.7
<1.1.6> Enraged in ~ this, Rhea repaired to Crete, once she was large with Zeus, and brought him forth in a cavern of Dicte.8 She provided him to the Curetes and also to the nymphs Adrastia and also Ida, daughters that Melisseus, come nurse.
<1.1.7> So these nymphs fed the child on the milk the Amalthea9; and the Curetes in eight guarded the babe in the cave, clashing your spears on your shields in order that Cronus could not listen the child\"s voice.10 however Rhea covering a rock in swaddling clothes and gave it to Cronus to swallow, together if it were the child child.11
<1.2.1> yet when Zeus was full-grown, he take it Metis, daughter that Ocean, to help him, and she gave Cronus a medicine to swallow,12 which forced him come disgorge first the rock and then the children whom he had swallowed, and with their help Zeus waged the war against Cronus and the Titans.13 They combated for ten years, and Earth prophesied victory14 to Zeus if the should have as allies those who had actually been hurled under to Tartarus. So he slew their jailoress Campe, and loosed their bonds. And the Cyclopes then offered Zeus thunder and also lightning and also a thunderbolt,15 and on Pluto castle bestowed a helmet and on Poseidon a trident. Equipped with these tools the gods overcame the Titans, closeup of the door them up in Tartarus, and also appointed the Hundred-handers their guards16; however they themselves actors lots because that the sovereignty, and also to Zeus to be allotted the preeminence of the sky, come Poseidon the dominance of the sea, and to Pluto the ascendancy in Hades.17
<1.2.2> currently to the Titans to be born offspring: to Ocean and also Tethys to be born Oceanids, to wit, Asia, Styx, Electra, Doris, Eurynome, Amphitrite, and Metis18; come Coeus and also Phoebe were born Asteria and also Latona19; come Hyperion and also Thia to be born Dawn, Sun, and Moon20; come Crius and Eurybia, daughter the Sea (Pontus), to be born Astraeus, Pallas, and also Perses21;
<1.2.3> to Iapetus and Asia was born Atlas, who has the skies on his shoulders, and Prometheus, and Epimetheus, and Menoetius, he whom Zeus in the fight with the Titans smote through a thunderbolt and also hurled under to Tartarus.22
<1.2.4> and also to Cronus and also Philyra to be born Chiron, a centaur of double form23; and also to Dawn and Astraeus to be born winds and stars24; come Perses and also Asteria to be born Hecate25; and to Pallas and also Styx to be born Victory, Dominion, Emulation, and also Violence.26
<1.2.5> however Zeus led to oaths to it is in sworn by the water the Styx, which operation from a absent in Hades, bestowing this respect on her because she and her kids had battled on his side against the Titans.27
<1.2.6> and to Sea (Pontus) and Earth were born Phorcus, Thaumas, Nereus, Eurybia, and Ceto.28 now to Thaumas and also Electra were born Iris and also the Harpies, Aello and also Ocypete29; and to Phorcus and also Ceto to be born the Phorcides and Gorgons,30 of whom us shall speak once we treat of Perseus.
<1.2.7> to Nereus and also Doris to be born the Nereids,31 whose names space Cymothoe, Spio, Glauconome, Nausithoe, Halie, Erato, Sao, Amphitrite, Eunice, Thetis, Eulimene, Agave, Eudore, Doto, Pherusa, Galatea, Actaea, Pontomedusa, Hippothoe, Lysianassa, Cymo, Eione, Halimede, Plexaure, Eucrante, Proto, Calypso, Panope, Cranto, Neomeris, Hipponoe, Ianira, Polynome, Autonoe, Melite, Dione, Nesaea, Dero, Evagore, Psamathe, Eumolpe, Ione, Dynamene, Ceto, and also Limnoria.
<1.3.1> now Zeus wedded Hera and also begat Hebe, Ilithyia, and also Ares,32 yet he had intercourse with numerous women, both mortals and immortals. By Themis, daughter that Sky, he had daughters, the Seasons, to wit, Peace, Order, and Justice; additionally the Fates, to wit, Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropus33; through Dione he had Aphrodite34; through Eurynome, daughter that Ocean, he had actually the Graces, come wit, Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and also Thalia35; through Styx he had Persephone36; and by memory (Mnemosyne) he had actually the Muses, very first Calliope, then Clio, Melpomene, Euterpe, Erato, Terpsichore, Urania, Thalia, and Polymnia.37
<1.3.2> currently Calliope bore to Oeagrus or, nominally, come Apollo, a kid Linus,38 whom Hercules slew; and also another son, Orpheus,39 who practised minstrelsy and also by his songs relocated stones and trees. And when his wife Eurydice died, bitten through a snake, that went under to Hades, gift fain to carry her up,40 and also he convinced Pluto come send she up. The god promised to carry out so, if ~ above the means Orpheus would not turn round till he have to be pertained to his very own house. However he disobeyed and transforming round beheld his wife; for this reason she turned back. Orpheus also invented the mysteries that Dionysus,41 and having to be torn in piece by the Maenads42 that is buried in Pieria.
<1.3.3> Clio fell in love v Pierus, boy of Magnes, in repercussion of the wrath the Aphrodite, whom she had actually twitted with her love that Adonis; and having met the she bore him a child Hyacinth, for whom Thamyris, the son of Philammon and a nymph Argiope, conceived a passion, he being the an initial to end up being enamored the males. But after that Apollo love Hyacinth and also killed the involuntarily by the cast of a quoit.43 and also Thamyris, who excelled in beauty and also in minstrelsy, engaged in a musical dispute with the Muses, the agreement being that, if that won, he need to enjoy lock all, yet that if he need to be vanquished he should be bereft of what they would. Therefore the Muses obtained the much better of him and bereft him both that his eyes and of his minstrelsy.44
<1.3.4> Euterpe had actually by the flow Strymon a child Rhesus, whom Diomedes slew at Troy45; however some say his mom was Calliope. Thalia had actually by Apollo the Corybantes46; and also Melpomene had by Achelous the Sirens, the whom we shall speak in dealing with of Ulysses.47
<1.3.5> Hera provided birth to Hephaestus without intercourse with the other sex,48 yet according to Homer the was among her youngsters by Zeus.49 him Zeus actors out that heaven, due to the fact that he involved the rescue the Hera in she bonds.50 For when Hercules had taken Troy and also was in ~ sea, Hera sent out a storm after him; for this reason Zeus hung she from Olympus.51 Hephaestus dropped on Lemnos and was lamed that his legs,52 however Thetis conserved him.53
<1.3.6> Zeus had intercourse through Metis, that turned into plenty of shapes in bespeak to avoid his embraces. Once she was through child, Zeus, taking time by the forelock, swallowed her, since Earth said that, after giving birth come the maiden who was climate in her womb, Metis would certainly bear a kid who must be the mr of heaven. From are afraid of that Zeus swallowed her.54 and when the time came because that the bear to take place, Prometheus or, together others say, Hephaestus, smote the head the Zeus with an axe, and Athena, totally armed, leaped up from the top of his head in ~ the river Triton.55
<1.4.1>Of the daughters of Coeus, Asteria in the likeness of a quail flung herself into the sea in order to escape the amorous advances of Zeus, and a city to be formerly referred to as after she Asteria, but after that it was named Delos.56 however Latona for her intrigue v Zeus was hunted by Hera over the whole earth, till she involved Delos and also brought forth very first Artemis, through the aid of whose midwifery she later on gave birth to Apollo.57
Now Artemis specialized herself come the chase and also remained a maid; but Apollo learned the arts of prophecy from Pan, the child of Zeus and also Hybris,58 and also came to Delphi, where Themis at the time supplied to provide oracles59; and when the line Python, which guarded the oracle, would have hindered him from pull close the chasm,60 he eliminated it and also took end the oracle.61 not long after that he slew also Tityus, who was a child of Zeus and also Elare, daughter of Orchomenus; because that her, ~ he had debauched her, Zeus hid under the earth for fear of Hera, and brought forth to the irradiate the child Tityus, the monstrous size, who she had actually borne in she womb.62 when Latona pertained to Pytho, Tityus beheld her, and also overpowered by lust attracted her come him. But she referred to as her youngsters to she aid, and also they shot the down v their arrows. And he is punished even after death; because that vultures eat his heart in Hades.63
<1.4.2> Apollo also slew Marsyas, the boy of Olympus. Because that Marsyas, having discovered the pipes which Athena had actually thrown away since they disfigured her face,64 involved in a musical challenge with Apollo. Lock agreed that the victor must work his will on the vanquished, and also when the psychological took ar Apollo rotate his lyre upside under in the competition and bade Marsyas do the same. Yet Marsyas could not, so Apollo to be judged the victor and despatched Marsyas by hanging him on a high pine tree and also stripping off his skin.65
<1.4.3> and also Artemis slew Orion in Delos.66 lock say the he to be of gigantic stature and also born that the earth; yet Pherecydes claims that he to be a boy of Poseidon and Euryale.67 Poseidon bestowed on the the strength of striding across the sea.68 He first married Side,69 whom Hera cast into Hades since she rivalled herself in beauty. Afterwards he checked out Chios and wooed Merope, daughter of Oenopion. However Oenopion made the drunk, put out his eyes as he slept, and also cast the on the beach. But he saw the smithy the Hephaestus, and snatching up a lad collection him top top his shoulders and also bade him lead him come the sunrise. Gift come thither he to be healed by the sun\"s rays, and also having recovered his vision he hastened with all speed against Oenopion.
<1.4.4> however for him Poseidon had made prepared a home under the earth built by Hephaestus.70 and also Dawn fell in love v Orion and also carried the off and brought him to Delos; for Aphrodite brought about Dawn come be perpetually in love, due to the fact that she had bedded through Ares.
<1.4.5> but Orion to be killed, as some say, for an overwhelming Artemis to a complement at quoits, but some speak he to be shot through Artemis for supplying violence to Opis, one of the maidens who had actually come from the Hyperboreans.71
Poseidon wedded Amphitrite, daughter the Ocean, and there to be born to him Triton72 and Rhode, that was married to the Sun.73
<1.5.1> Pluto dropped in love v Persephone and with the aid of Zeus carried her turn off secretly.74 yet Demeter went around seeking her everywhere the planet with torches through night and day, and also learning native the world of Hermion that Pluto had brought her off,75 she was wroth with the gods and quitted heaven, and also came in the likeness that a woman to Eleusis. And very first she sat under on the absent which has actually been named Laughless ~ her, alongside what is referred to as the fine of the same Dances76; thereupon she do her way to Celeus, that at that time reigned end the Eleusinians. Some females were in the house, and when castle bade her sit down alongside them, a particular old crone, Iambe, joked the goddess and made her smile.77 because that that factor they say that the ladies break jests at the Thesmophoria.78
But Metanira, mam of Celeus, had actually a child and also Demeter received it come nurse, and wishing to make it immortal she set the babe of nights ~ above the fire and also stripped turn off its mortal flesh. But as Demophon -- for that was the child\"s name -- flourished marvelously by day, Praxithea watched, and discovering him hidden in the fire she cried out; wherefore the babe was consumed by the fire and also the goddess revealed herself.79
<1.5.2> yet for Triptolemus, the elder that Metanira\"s children, she do a chariot the winged dragons, and gave him wheat, v which, wafted with the sky, that sowed the whole inhabited earth.80 yet Panyasis affirms the Triptolemus to be a kid of Eleusis, for he claims that Demeter involved him. Pherecydes, however, claims that he was a kid of Ocean and Earth.81
<1.5.3> but when Zeus bespeak Pluto to send increase the Maid, Pluto gave her a seed of a pomegranate to eat, in order the she might not tarry long with she mother.82 no foreseeing the consequence, she swallowed it; and because Ascalaphus, boy of Acheron and also Gorgyra, boring witness versus her, Demeter to adjust a hefty rock on the in Hades.83 yet Persephone to be compelled to remain a third of every year with Pluto and also the rest of the time with the gods.84
<1.6.1> such is the legend the Demeter. However Earth, vexed top top account the the Titans, carried forth the giants, who she had actually by Sky.85 These to be matchless in the bulk of their bodies and invincible in their might; devastating of aspect did lock appear, with long locks drooping from their head and also chin, and also with the scales of dragons because that feet.86 They to be born, as some say, in Phlegrae, however according to others in Pallene.87 and also they darted rocks and burning oaks in ~ the sky. Surpassing all the rest were Porphyrion and also Alcyoneus, that was even immortal so lengthy as he battled in the land of his birth. He likewise drove far the cows that the sunlight from Erythia. Now the gods had actually an oracle the none that the giants could perish at the hand of gods, however that through the assist of a mortal they would be made an end of. Finding out of this, planet sought for a straightforward to avoid the giants native being destroyed even by a mortal. But Zeus forbade the Dawn and also the Moon and the sunlight to shine, and also then, prior to anybody else can get it, the culled the basic himself, and also by means of Athena summoned Hercules to his help. Hercules first shot Alcyoneus through an arrow, however when the giant dropped on the ground he rather revived. However, at Athena\"s advice Hercules dragged him exterior Pallene, and also so the gigantic died.88
<1.6.2> yet in the fight Porphyrion struck Hercules and also Hera. However Zeus motivated him v lust for Hera, and also when the tore her robes and also would have required her, she referred to as for help, and Zeus smote him through a thunderbolt, and also Hercules shot him dead with an arrow.89 as for the other giants, Ephialtes was shot by Apollo through an arrow in his left eye and by Hercules in his right; Eurytus was eliminated by Dionysus with a thyrsus, and also Clytius by Hecate with torches, and Mimas by Hephaestus through missiles of red-hot metal.90 Enceladus fled, but Athena threw on that in his flight the island that Sicily91; and also she flayed Pallas and used his skin come shield her very own body in the fight.92 Polybotes to be chased v the sea by Poseidon and also came come Cos; and also Poseidon, breaking turn off that piece of the island which is dubbed Nisyrum, threw the on him.93 and also Hermes, attract the helmet the Hades,94 slew Hippolytus in the fight, and also Artemis slew Gration. And the Fates, fighting v brazer clubs, killed Agrius and Thoas. The various other giants Zeus smote and also destroyed with thunderbolts and every one of them Hercules shot through arrows together they to be dying.
<1.6.3> as soon as the gods had overcome the giants, Earth, still much more enraged, had actually intercourse through Tartarus and also brought forth Typhon in Cilicia,95 a hybrid in between man and beast. In size and also strength he gone beyond all the offspring that Earth. As much as the thighs he to be of human being shape and also of such prodigious mass that he out-topped all the mountains, and his head often brushed the stars. One of his hands reached out come the west and also the various other to the east, and from castle projected a hundreds dragons\" heads. From the thighs downward he had vast coils the vipers, which when drawn out, got to to his an extremely head and emitted a according to hissing. His human body was every winged96: unkempt hair streamed ~ above the wind indigenous his head and also cheeks; and also fire flashed from his eyes. Such and also so good was Typhon when, hurling kindled rocks, he created the an extremely heaven v hissings and also shouts, spouting a good jet the fire native his mouth. Yet when the gods experienced him rushing in ~ heaven, they created Egypt in flight, and being sought they readjusted their creates into those the animals.97 yet Zeus pelted Typhon in ~ a distance with thunderbolts, and at close quarters struck the down with an adamantine sickle, and also as he fled sought him very closely as far as mount Casius, i m sorry overhangs Syria. There, see the monster sick wounded, that grappled through him. However Typhon twined about him and also gripped him in his coils, and wresting the sickle from the severed the sinews the his hands and also feet, and also lifting him on his shoulders carried him v the sea come Cilicia and also deposited that on arrival in the Corycian cave. Likewise he put away the sinews over there also, concealed in a bearskin, and he collection to guard them the she-dragon Delphyne, that was a half-bestial maiden. But Hermes and Aegipan stole the sinews and also fitted castle unobserved come Zeus.98 and having recovered his strength Zeus all of sudden from heaven, riding in a chariot that winged horses, pelted Typhon v thunderbolts and pursued him to the mountain dubbed Nysa, where the Fates beguiled the fugitive; for he taste of the ephemeral fruits in the persuasion the he would certainly be strengthened thereby.99 So gift again gone after he came to Thrace, and in fighting at mountain Haemus the heaved whole mountains. Yet when this recoiled ~ above him through the force of the thunderbolt, a currently of blood gushed out on the mountain, and also they say that from the circumstance the hill was referred to as Haemus.100 and when he began to flee v the Sicilian sea, Zeus cast Mount Etna in Sicily top top him. The is a vast mountain, indigenous which down to this particular day they say that blasts of fire worry from the thunderbolts that were thrown.101 So much for the subject.
<1.7.1> Prometheus moulded males out the water and earth102 and also gave them likewise fire, which, unknown to Zeus, he had hidden in a stalk of fennel.103 but when Zeus learned the it, the ordered Hephaestus to pond his human body to mount Caucasus, i m sorry is a Scythian mountain. On that Prometheus to be nailed and kept tied for plenty of years. Every work an eagle swooped on him and devoured the lobes of his liver, which flourished by night. That was the penalty that Prometheus paid for the theft that fire till Hercules afterwards released him, as we shall show in taking care of Hercules.104
<1.7.2> and also Prometheus had actually a boy Deucalion.105 the reigning in the regions around Phthia, married Pyrrha, the daughter the Epimetheus and also Pandora, the very first woman fashioned by the gods.106 and when Zeus would damage the males of the copper Age, Deucalion by the advice the Prometheus created a chest,107 and also having save on computer it v provisions that embarked in it through Pyrrha. However Zeus by pouring hefty rain from sky flooded the greater part of Greece, so the all men were destroyed, except a few who fled to the high hills in the neighborhood. It was then the the mountains in Thessaly parted, and also that every the people outside the Isthmus and Peloponnese to be overwhelmed. Yet Deucalion, floating in the chest end the sea because that nine days and as numerous nights, drifted to Parnassus, and also there, as soon as the rain ceased, he landed and sacrificed to Zeus, the god that Escape. And also Zeus sent out Hermes come him and enabled him to select what the would, and also he chose to obtain men. And also at the bidding of Zeus he take it up stones and also threw them end his head, and the stones i beg your pardon Deucalion threw became men, and the stones which Pyrrha threw became women. Hence civilization were referred to as metaphorically civilization (laos) native laas, “a stone.” 108 and also Deucalion had kids by Pyrrha, first Hellen, whose father some say to be Zeus, and second Amphictyon, that reigned over Attica ~ Cranaus; and 3rd a daughter Protogenia, who came to be the mom of Aethlius by Zeus.109
<1.7.3> Hellen had Dorus, Xuthus, and Aeolus110 by a nymph Orseis. Those who were dubbed Greeks he named Hellenes ~ himself,111 and also divided the country amongst his sons. Xuthus got Peloponnese and begat Achaeus and Ion by Creusa, daughter of Erechtheus, and from Achaeus and also Ion the Achaeans and Ionians derive your names. Dorus obtained the country over versus Peloponnese and called the inhabitants Dorians after ~ himself.112 Aeolus reigned over the regions around Thessaly and also named the residents Aeolians.113 the married Enarete, daughter the Deimachus, and begat seven sons, Cretheus, Sisyphus, Athamas, Salmoneus, Deion, Magnes, Perieres, and five daughters, Canace, Alcyone, Pisidice, Calyce, Perimede.114
Perimede had actually Hippodamas and Orestes by Achelous; and also Pisidice had Antiphus and Actor by Myrmidon.
<1.7.4> Alcyone to be married by Ceyx, son of Lucifer.115 These died by factor of their pride; because that he claimed that his wife was Hera, and also she stated that her husband was Zeus.116 yet Zeus turn them right into birds; she he made a kingfisher (alcyon) and him a gannet (ceyx).117
Canace had actually by Poseidon Hopleus and Nireus and also Epopeus and also Aloeus and Triops. Aloeus wedded Iphimedia, daughter that Triops; yet she dropped in love through Poseidon, and often going come the sea she would draw up the waves with her hands and pour them right into her lap. Poseidon met her and also begat two sons, Otus and Ephialtes, that are called the Aloads.118 this grew yearly a cubit in breadth and a fathom in height; and also when they to be nine year old,119 being nine cubits vast and ripe fathoms high, they solved to fight against the gods, and they collection Ossa on Olympus, and also having set Pelion ~ above Ossa they intimidated by means of these mountains to ascend up to heaven, and they stated that by pour it until it is full up the sea with the hills they would make it dry land, and also the floor they would certainly make sea. And also Ephialtes wooed Hera, and also Otus wooed Artemis; additionally they put Ares in bonds.120 However, Hermes rescued Ares by stealth, and also Artemis killed the Aloads in Naxos through a ruse. Because that she changed herself right into a deer and leaped in between them, and in your eagerness come hit the quarry they threw their darts at each other.121
<1.7.5> Calyce and also Aethlius had actually a boy Endymion who led Aeolians indigenous Thessaly and also founded Elis. However some say the he to be a son of Zeus. As he to be of surpassing beauty, the Moon fell in love with him, and Zeus enabled him to pick what he would, and also he chose to sleep for ever, staying deathless and ageless.122
<1.7.6> Endymion had actually by a Naiad nymph or, as part say, by Iphianassa, a child Aetolus, who slew Apis, kid of Phoroneus, and also fled to the Curetian country. Over there he eliminated his hosts, Dorus and also Laodocus and Polypoetes, the sons of Phthia and Apollo, and called the nation Aetolia ~ himself.123
<1.7.7> Aetolus and also Pronoe, daughter that Phorbus, had actually sons, Pleuron and also Calydon, after who the cities in Aetolia were named. Pleuron wedded Xanthippe, daughter that Dorus, and also begat a son Agenor, and daughters, Sterope and Stratonice and Laophonte. Calydon and Aeolia, daughter of Amythaon, had actually daughters, Epicaste and also Protogenia, who had actually Oxylus by Ares. And also Agenor, son of Pleuron, married Epicaste, daughter of Calydon, and also begat Porthaon and also Demonice, who had Evenus, Molus, Pylus, and Thestius through Ares.
<1.7.8> Evenus begat Marpessa, that was wooed by Apollo, yet Idas, boy of Aphareus, brought her off in a winged chariot i m sorry he got from Poseidon.124 follow him in a chariot, Evenus came to the river Lycormas, however when he might not capture him that slaughtered his horses and threw himself into the river, and also the flow is called Evenus ~ him.
<1.7.9> however Idas involved Messene, and Apollo, falling in through him, would have robbed him of the damsel. Together they dealt with for the girl\"s hand, Zeus parted lock and enabled the maiden herself to choose which the the 2 she would marry; and she, due to the fact that she feared that Apollo can desert she in she old age, decided Idas for she husband.125
<1.7.10> Thestius had actually daughters and also sons by Eurythemis, daughter that Cleoboea: the daughters to be Althaea, Leda,126 Hypermnestra, and also the males were Iphiclus, Evippus, Plexippus, and also Eurypylus.
Porthaon and also Euryte, daughter of Hippodamas, had actually sons, Oeneus, Agrius, Alcathous, Melas, Leucopeus, and a daughter Sterope, who is claimed to have actually been the mommy of the Sirens by Achelous.
<1.8.1> Reigning end Calydon, Oeneus to be the an initial who received a vine-plant native Dionysus.127 he married Althaea, daughter of Thestius, and begat Toxeus, who he slew v his own hand since he leaped end the ditch.128 and also besides Toxeus he had actually Thyreus and Clymenus, and also a daughter Gorge, whom Andraemon married, and also another daughter Deianira, that is stated to have been begotten top top Althaea through Dionysus. This Deianira drive a chariot and also practised the arts of war, and Hercules wrestled for her hand through Achelous.129
<1.8.2> Althaea had additionally a child Meleager,130 by Oeneus, despite they say the he was begotten through Ares. The is said that, as soon as he was seven days old, the Fates came and declared the Meleager have to die as soon as the brand burn on the hearth was scorched out. On hear that, Althaea snatched up the brand and deposited that in a chest.131 Meleager flourished up to be an invulnerable and also gallant man, but came by his end in the adhering to way. In sacrifice the very first fruits of the yearly crops of the country to all the gods Oeneus forgot Artemis alone. But she in her wrath sent out a boar of especially size and also strength, i m sorry prevented the soil from being sown and also destroyed the cattle and the world that fell in with it. To assault this boar Oeneus referred to as together every the noblest guys of Greece, and also promised the to that who need to kill the beast the would give the skin together a prize. Now the guys who assembled to hunt the boar were these132 :-- Meleager, child of Oeneus; Dryas, son of Ares; these come from Calydon; Idas and also Lynceus, young of Aphareus, native Messene; Castor and Pollux, young of Zeus and Leda, indigenous Lacedaemon; Theseus, son of Aegeus, native Athens; Admetus, child of Pheres, native Pherae; Ancaeus and also Cepheus, sons of Lycurgus, native Arcadia; Jason, child of Aeson, from Iolcus; Iphicles, son of Amphitryon, indigenous Thebes; Pirithous, kid of Ixion, indigenous Larissa; Peleus, child of Aeacus, from Phthia; Telamon, kid of Aeacus, indigenous Salamis; Eurytion, child of Actor, indigenous Phthia; Atalanta, daughter that Schoeneus, from Arcadia; Amphiaraus, boy of Oicles, indigenous Argos. With them came additionally the young of Thestius. And also when they to be assembled, Oeneus entertained them for nine days; yet on the tenth, when Cepheus and also Ancaeus and also some others disdained to go searching with a woman, Meleager compelled lock to monitor the chase through her, for he preferred to have actually a child likewise by Atalanta, though he had to wife Cleopatra, daughter that Idas and also Marpessa. When they surrounded the boar, Hyleus and Ancaeus were eliminated by the brute, and also Peleus struck down Eurytion undesignedly through a javelin. However Atalanta was the an initial to shooting the boar in the earlier with an arrow, and Amphiaraus was the next to shoot the in the eye; however Meleager eliminated it through a stab in the flank, and also on receiving the skin offered it to Atalanta. Nevertheless the sons of Thestius, reasoning scorn the a woman should get the compensation in the challenge of men, took the skin native her, alleging that it belonged to them by ideal of birth if Meleager go not pick to take it it.
<1.8.3> however Meleager in a fury slew the sons of Thestius and gave the skin come Atalanta. However, indigenous grief at the slaughter of she brothers Althaea kindled the brand, and also Meleager automatically expired.
But some say the Meleager did not die in the way,133 yet that when the sons of Thestius declared the skin on the ground the Iphiclus had been the an initial to hit the boar, war damaged out between the Curetes and the Calydonians; and also when Meleager had actually sallied out134 and also slain few of the young of Thestius, Althaea cursed him, and also he in a rage continued to be at home; however, when the opponent approached the walls, and also the citizens supplicated the to involved the rescue, he succumbed reluctantly to his wife and also sallied forth, and also having killed the rest of the boy of Thestius, that himself fell fighting. After ~ the death of Meleager, Althaea and also Cleopatra hanged themselves, and also the women who mourned the dead male were turned into birds.135
<1.8.4> after Althaea\"s fatality Oeneus married Periboea, daughter that Hipponous. The writer of the Thebaid claims that as soon as Olenus was sacked, Oeneus obtained Periboea as a gift that honor; but Hesiod claims that she was seduced by Hippostratus, child of Amarynceus, and that she father Hipponous sent her away from Olenus in Achaia to Oeneus, since he dwelt much from Greece, through an injunction to put her to death.136
<1.8.5> However, some say the Hipponous uncovered that his daughter had actually been debauched through Oeneus, and therefore he sent out her far to him when she was with child. By her Oeneus begat Tydeus. But Pisander says that the mom of Tydeus was Gorge, because that Zeus willed it the Oeneus should autumn in love through his very own daughter.137
When Tydeus had grown to it is in a gallant guy he was banished because that killing, as part say, Alcathous, brothers of Oeneus; but according come the author of the Alcmaeonid his victims were the young of Melas who had actually plotted versus Oeneus, their names gift Pheneus, Euryalus, Hyperlaus, Antiochus, Eumedes, Sternops, Xanthippus, Sthenelaus; however as Pherecydes will have it, that murdered his own brother Olenias.138 gift arraigned by Agrius, the fled come Argos and came to Adrastus, whose daughter Deipyle he married and begat Diomedes.
Tydeus marched against Thebes with Adrastus,139 and died that a wound i m sorry he obtained at the hand the Melanippus.
<1.8.6> however the young of Agrius, come wit, Thersites, Onchestus, Prothous, Celeutor, Lycopeus, Melanippus, wrested the kingdom from Oeneus and also gave it to your father, and an ext than the they imprisoned Oeneus in his lifetime and tormented him.140 nevertheless Diomedes afterwards came covertly with Alcmaeon indigenous Argos and also put to death all the boy of Agrius, other than Onchestus and Thersites, who had fled betimes to Peloponnese; and as Oeneus was old, Diomedes gave the kingdom come Andraemon who had married the daughter the Oeneus, but Oeneus himself he took through him to Peloponnese. Howbeit, the boy of Agrius, who had made your escape, lay in wait because that the old guy at the hearth of Telephus in Arcadia, and also killed him. Yet Diomedes conveyed the corpse to Argos and also buried that in the location where now a city is called Oenoe after him.141 and having married Aegialia, daughter of Adrastus or, as part say, that Aegialeus, he went to the wars against Thebes and Troy.
<1.9.1>Of the boy of Aeolus, Athamas subjugated Boeotia and begat a child Phrixus and a daughter Helle by Nephele.142 and he married a second wife, Ino, by whom he had Learchus and Melicertes. But Ino plotted against the youngsters of Nephele and persuaded the ladies to parch the wheat; and also having got the wheat they go so there is no the expertise of the men. However the earth, gift sown through parched wheat, did no yield its yearly crops; for this reason Athamas sent out to Delphi come inquire just how he might be yielded from the dearth. Currently Ino convinced the messengers to say it to be foretold the the infertility would cease if Phrixus to be sacrificed to Zeus. As soon as Athamas heard that, the was required by the residents of the land to carry Phrixus come the altar. However Nephele recorded him and her daughter up and gave castle a ram through a golden fleece, i m sorry she had actually received native Hermes, and also borne v the skies by the ram they crossed land and also sea. But when castle were over the sea i beg your pardon lies betwixt Sigeum and the Chersonese, Helle slipped right into the deep and was drowned, and also the sea was called Hellespont after her. But Phrixus pertained to the Colchians, whose king was Aeetes, boy of the Sun and also of Perseis, and also brother the Circe and Pasiphae, who Minos married. He received Phrixus and gave him one of his daughters, Chalciope. And Phrixus sacrificed the ram v the gold fleece to Zeus the god the Escape, and also the fleece he provided to Aeetes, that nailed it to an oak in a grove the Ares. And Phrixus had kids by Chalciope, to wit, Argus, Melas, Phrontis, and Cytisorus.
<1.9.2> But later on Athamas to be bereft additionally of the youngsters of Ino v the wrath the Hera; for he went mad and shot Learchus with an arrow, and also Ino cast herself and also Melicertes into the sea.143 being banished from Boeotia, Athamas inquired of the god whereby he need to dwell, and also on receiving an oracle that he must dwell in whatever place he have to be entertained by wild beasts, that traversed a an excellent extent of country till he dropped in through wolves the were devouring pieces of sheep; yet when they saw him lock abandoned their prey and also fled. Therefore Athamas resolved in that country and named the Athamantia after himself; and he married Themisto, daughter that Hypseus,144 and also begat Leucon, Erythrius, Schoeneus, and Ptous.
<1.9.3> and Sisyphus, son of Aeolus, started Ephyra, i beg your pardon is now called Corinth,145 and also married Merope, daughter the Atlas. They had actually a kid Glaucus, who had by Eurymede a boy Bellerophon, who slew the fire breathing Chimera.146 however Sisyphus is punished in Hades by rolling a rock with his hands and head in the effort to heave it over the top; but push it as he will, that rebounds backward.147 This penalty he endures because that the sake of Aegina, daughter that Asopus; for as soon as Zeus had secretly lugged her off, Sisyphus is claimed to have betrayed the an enig to Asopus, who was in search of her.
<1.9.4> Deion reigned end Phocis and also married Diomede, daughter that Xuthus; and there to be born to him a daughter, Asterodia, and also sons, Aenetus, Actor, Phylacus, and also Cephalus, that married Procris, daughter the Erechtheus.148 But after that Dawn fell in love v him and also carried that off.
<1.9.5> Perieres take it possession of Messene and married Gorgophone, daughter that Perseus, by who he had sons, come wit, Aphareus and also Leucippus,149 and Tyndareus, and additionally Icarius. However many say that Perieres was no the child of Aeolus but of Cynortas, child of Amyclas150; so us shall narrate the background of the descendants of Perieres in managing the household of Atlas.
<1.9.6> Magnes married a Naiad nymph, and also sons to be born to him, Polydectes and also Dictys; these conquered Seriphus.
<1.9.7> Salmoneus at first dwelt in Thessaly, but after that he pertained to Elis and there established a city.151 and being arrogant and also wishful to put himself on an equality through Zeus, he to be punished for his impiety; because that he stated that that was self Zeus, and he took far the sacrifices of the god and also ordered them come be offered to himself; and by dragging dried hides, v bronze kettles, in ~ his chariot, he stated that he thundered, and also by flinging lighted torches at the skies he stated that he lightened. However Zeus to win him with a thunderbolt, and wiped the end the city he had started with every its inhabitants.152
<1.9.8> now Tyro, daughter of Salmoneus and Alcidice, was lugged up through Cretheus, brother of Salmoneus, and also conceived a passion for the flow Enipeus, and often would certainly she hurry to its to run waters and utter she plaint to them. However Poseidon in the likeness of Enipeus lay through her,153 and also she secretly offered birth to twin sons, who she exposed. Together the babes put forlorn, a mare, belong to some passing horsekeepers, kicked with its hoof one of the 2 infants and left a livid mark on that is face. The horsekeeper take it up both the children and reared them; and also the one with the livid (pelion) note he called Pelias, and the other Neleus.154 as soon as they to be grown up, they uncovered their mother and killed their stepmother Sidero. For learning that their mother was ill-used through her, they struck her, but prior to they could capture her she had taken refuge in the precinct of Hera.155 However, Pelias cut her under on the really altars, and ever ~ he continued to law Hera through contumely.
<1.9.9> But after that the brothers dropped out, and Neleus, gift banished, involved Messene, and founded Pylus, and married Chloris,156 daughter of Amphion, by who he had actually a daughter, Pero, and sons, come wit, Taurus, Asterius, Pylaon, Deimachus, Eurybius, Epilaus, Phrasius, Eurymenes, Evagoras, Alastor, Nestor and also Periclymenus, who Poseidon granted the strength of an altering his shape. And when Hercules was ravaging Pylus, in the fight Periclymenus turned himself right into a lion, a snake, and also a bee, yet was slain by Hercules through the other sons of Neleus. Nestor alone was saved, because he was lugged up amongst the Gerenians.157 the married Anaxibia, daughter that Cratieus,158 and also begat daughters, Pisidice and also Polycaste, and sons, Perseus, Stratichus, Aretus, Echephron, Pisistratus, Antilochus, and also Thrasymedes.
<1.9.10> but Pelias dwelt in Thessaly and married Anaxibia, daughter the Bias, however according to part his mam was Phylomache, daughter the Amphion; and he begat a son, Acastus, and daughters, Pisidice, Pelopia, Hippothoe, and also Alcestis.159
<1.9.11> Cretheus founded Iolcus and married Tyro, daughter the Salmoneus, by who he had sons, Aeson, Amythaon, and also Pheres.160 Amythaon dwelt in Pylus and married Idomene, daughter of Pheres, and also there to be born come him two sons, Bias and also Melampus. The latter lived in the country, and before his home there to be an oak, in i m sorry there was a lair that snakes. His servants eliminated the snakes, but Melampus gathered wood and also burnt the reptiles, and reared the young ones. And also when the young were complete grown, lock stood alongside him at each of his shoulders together he slept, and they purged his ears v their tongues. He started up in a good fright, yet understood the voices that the bird flying overhead, and from what he learned indigenous them the foretold to guys what should involved pass.161 He obtained besides the art of taking the auspices, and also having collapse in through Apollo in ~ the Alpheus the was ever before after great soothsayer.
<1.9.12> prejudice wooed Pero, daughter of Neleus.162 but as there were numerous suitors for his daughter\"s hand, Neleus claimed that that would provide her to him that should lug him the kine that Phylacus. These were in Phylace, and also they were guarded by a dog which neither man nor beast could come near. Unable to steal this kine, prejudice invited his brothers to aid him. Melampus promised to do so, and foretold the he should be detect in the action of thefts them, and that the should obtain the kine ~ being retained in bondage for a year. ~ making this promise the repaired come Phylace and, simply as he had foretold, he to be detected in the theft and also kept a sinner in a cell. When the year was almost up, that heard the worms in the hidden part of the roof, among them asking how much of the beam had actually been already gnawed through, and also others answering the very tiny of it to be left. At as soon as he bade them move him to one more cell, and not lengthy after that had actually been excellent the cell dropped in. Phylacus marvelled, and also perceiving that he was fantastic soothsayer, he released him and invited him to say exactly how his child Iphiclus can get children. Melampus promised come tell him, listed he acquired the kine. And also having sacrificed two bulls and also cut castle in pieces he summoned the birds; and when a vulture came, the learned from it the once, once Phylacus was gelding rams, he laid down the knife, tho bloody, next to Iphiclus, and that once the son was frightened and ran away, he grounding the knife ~ above the spiritual oak,163 and also the bark encompassed the knife and hid it. The said, therefore, the if the knife were found, and also he scraped off the rust, and gave it come Iphiclus come drink because that ten days, he would certainly beget a son. Having learned these points from the vulture, Melampus found the knife, scraped the rust, and also gave it to Iphiclus for ten days come drink, and a son Podarces to be born to him.164 however he drive the kine come Pylus, and also having received the daughter of Neleus he provided her come his brother. Because that a time he ongoing to dwell in Messene, however when Dionysus drive the females of Argos mad, he cure them on problem of receiving component of the kingdom, and worked out down there through Bias.165
<1.9.13> Bias and also Pero had a boy Talaus, who married Lysimache, daughter the Abas, child of Melampus, and had by her Adrastus, Parthenopaeus, Pronax, Mecisteus, Aristomachus, and also Eriphyle, whom Amphiaraus married. Parthenopaeus had a kid Promachus, who marched through the Epigoni against Thebes166; and also Mecisteus had a child Euryalus, who went to Troy.167 Pronax had actually a boy Lycurgus; and Adrastus had by Amphithea, daughter of Pronax, three daughters, Argia, Deipyle, and Aegialia, and also two sons, Aegialeus and Cyanippus.
<1.9.14> Pheres, child of Cretheus, established Pherae in Thessaly and begat Admetus and Lycurgus. Lycurgus take it up his abode in ~ Nemea, and having married Eurydice, or, as part say, Amphithea, that begat Opheltes, afterwards called Archemorus.168
<1.9.15> once Admetus reigned end Pherae, Apollo offered him as his thrall,169 while Admetus wooed Alcestis, daughter the Pelias. Currently Pelias had promised to provide his daughter come him who have to yoke a lion and a boar come a car, and Apollo yoked and gave them come Admetus, who carried them come Pelias and also so derived Alcestis.170 but in giving a sacrifice at his marriage, he forgot to sacrifice come Artemis; because of this when he opened up the marriage chamber he uncovered it full of coiled snakes. Apollo bade that appease the goddess and obtained together a favour that the Fates that, when Admetus must be about to die, he can be exit from death if someone should choose voluntarily to dice for him. And when the work of his fatality came neither his father no one his mother would dice for him, yet Alcestis died in his stead. Yet the Maiden171 sent her up again, or, as part say, Hercules battled with Hades and brought her up to him.172
<1.9.16> Aeson, boy of Cretheus, had actually a boy Jason by Polymede, daughter of Autolycus. Currently Jason dwelt in Iolcus, of i m sorry Pelias to be king after ~ Cretheus.173 however when Pelias consulted the oracle worrying the kingdom, the god warned him to beware of the guy with a solitary sandal. At first the king understood not the oracle, but later on he apprehended it. For once he was giving a sacrifice at the sea to Poseidon, he sent out for Jason, amongst many others, to participate in it. Currently Jason loved husbandry and therefore abode in the country, yet he quickened to the sacrifice, and also in cross the flow Anaurus he shed a sandal in the stream and landed with just one. As soon as Pelias witnessed him, the bethought the of the oracle, and also going up to Jason asked that what, supposing he had the power, that would execute if he had received an oracle the he must be murdered by one of the citizens. Jason answered, whether at haphazard or instigated through the angry Hera in order the Medea should prove a curse come Pelias, that did not honor Hera, “I would certainly command him,” stated he, “to bring the golden Fleece.” No sooner walk Pelias listen that 보다 he bade him walk in pursuit of the fleece. Now it to be at Colchis in a grove of Ares, hanging on one oak and guarded through a sleepless dragon.174
Sent to fetch the fleece, Jason referred to as in the aid of Argus, son of Phrixus; and also Argus, by Athena\"s advice, constructed a delivery of fifty oars named Argo after its builder; and at the prow Athena equipment in a speaking lumber from the oak of Dodona.175 once the ship to be built, and also he inquired the the oracle, the god gave him leaving to rally the noble of Greece and sail away. And also those that assembled were together follows176: Tiphys, child of Hagnias, who steered the ship; Orpheus, boy of Oeagrus; Zetes and Calais, boy of Boreas; Castor and also Pollux, sons of Zeus; Telamon and Peleus, boy of Aeacus; Hercules, boy of Zeus; Theseus, son of Aegeus; Idas and also Lynceus, sons of Aphareus; Amphiaraus, boy of Oicles; Caeneus, child of Coronus; Palaemon, son of Hephaestus or the Aetolus; Cepheus, child of Aleus; Laertes boy of Arcisius; Autolycus, boy of Hermes; Atalanta, daughter of Schoeneus; Menoetius, kid of Actor; Actor, kid of Hippasus; Admetus, boy of Pheres; Acastus, child of Pelias; Eurytus, son of Hermes; Meleager, kid of Oeneus; Ancaeus, kid of Lycurgus; Euphemus, son of Poseidon; Poeas, child of Thaumacus; Butes, kid of Teleon; Phanus and also Staphylus, sons of Dionysus; Erginus, boy of Poseidon; Periclymenus, son of Neleus; Augeas, child of the Sun; Iphiclus, kid of Thestius; Argus, son of Phrixus; Euryalus, child of Mecisteus; Peneleos, son of Hippalmus; Leitus, kid of Alector; Iphitus, son of Naubolus; Ascalaphus and also Ialmenus, sons of Ares; Asterius, son of Cometes; Polyphemus, son of Elatus.
<1.9.17> These v Jason together admiral placed to sea and also touched at Lemnos.177 At that time the chanced the Lemnos was bereft the men and ruled end by a queen, Hypsipyle, daughter that Thoas, the reason of i m sorry was as follows. The Lemnian women did not honor Aphrodite, and she saw them v a noisome smell; thus their spouses took captive females from the neighboring nation of Thrace and bedded v them. Therefore dishonored, the Lemnian ladies murdered your fathers and husbands, yet Hypsipyle alone saved her dad Thoas through hiding him. So having put in to Lemnos, at that time rule by women, the Argonauts had intercourse v the women, and also Hypsipyle bedded v Jason and also bore sons, Euneus and Nebrophonus.
<1.9.18> and after Lemnos castle landed amongst the Doliones, of whom Cyzicus to be king.178 He obtained them kindly. However having placed to sea from there by night and met through contrary winds, they shed their bearings and landed again amongst the Doliones. However, the Doliones, acquisition them because that a Pelasgian military (for they to be constantly harassed through the Pelasgians), joined fight with castle by night in shared ignorance of each other. The Argonauts slew numerous and among the remainder Cyzicus; yet by day, once they knew what they had actually done, they mourned and also cut off their hair and also gave Cyzicus a costly burial179; and after the funeral they sailed away and also touched in ~ Mysia.180
<1.9.19> over there they left Hercules and also Polyphemus. For Hylas, son of Thiodamas, a minion that Hercules, had been sent out to draw water and also was ravished far by nymphs on account that his beauty.181 but Polyphemus heard him cry out, and drawing his sword offered chase in the belief that he was being carried off through robbers. Fallout’s in through Hercules, he told him; and while the 2 were seeking because that Hylas, the ship put to sea. So Polyphemus established a city Cius in Mysia and reigned as king182; yet Hercules went back to Argos. Yet Herodorus claims that Hercules did not sail at all at that time, but served as a servant at the court the Omphale. However Pherecydes says that he was left behind in ~ Aphetae in Thessaly, the Argo having claimed with person voice that she might not be affected by each other his weight. Nonetheless Demaratus has actually recorded that Hercules sailed to Colchis; because that Dionysius also affirms the he to be the leader the the Argonauts.183
<1.9.20> native Mysia lock departed come the land of the Bebryces, which was ruled by King Amycus, kid of Poseidon and also a Bithynian nymph.184 gift a doughty male he compelled the strangers that landed come box and also in that way made an end of them. Therefore going come the Argo as usual, he tested the finest man the the crew to a boxing match. Pollux carried out to box versus him and killed him with a blow on the elbow. When the Bebryces do a sirloin at him, the chiefs snatched up their arms and also put them to trip with good slaughter.
<1.9.21> Thence they placed to sea and came to land at Salmydessus in Thrace, wherein dwelt Phineus, a seer who had actually lost the vision of both eyes.185 part say he was a son of Agenor,186 but others the he was a child of Poseidon, and he is variously alleged to have been blinded by the gods for foretelling men the future; or by Boreas and the Argonauts since he blinded his very own sons in ~ the instigation of their stepmother187; or by Poseidon, because he revealed to the children of Phrixus exactly how they can sail from Colchis come Greece. The gods likewise sent the Harpies to him. These were winged female creatures, and also when a table was laid for Phineus, castle flew under from the sky and snatched up many of the victuals, and also what tiny they left stank so the nobody could touch it. When the Argonauts would have consulted him about the voyage, he stated that he would advise them around it if they would rid him of the Harpies. For this reason the Argonauts laid a table the viands alongside him, and also the Harpies through a shriek unexpectedly pounced down and also snatched far the food. When Zetes and Calais, the boy of Boreas, experienced that, they drew their swords and, gift winged, gone after them through the air. Now it was fated the the Harpies should perish by the sons of Boreas, and that the boy of Boreas should die as soon as they might not capture up a fugitive. Therefore the Harpies were pursued and also one the them fell into the flow Tigres in Peloponnese, the river the is now dubbed Harpys after her; some speak to her Nicothoe, but others Aellopus. Yet the other, named Ocypete or, according to others, Ocythoe ( yet Hesiod calls her Ocypode)188 fled through the Propontis it rotates she came to the Echinadian Islands, which are now dubbed Strophades ~ her; for once she came to them she rotate (estraphe) and also being in ~ the shore fell for an extremely weariness through her pursuer. Yet Apollonius in the Argonautica says that the Harpies were sought to the Strophades Islands and suffered no harm, having actually sworn an oath the they would certainly wrong Phineus no more.189
<1.9.22> gift rid of the Harpies, Phineus revealed to the Argonauts the food of their voyage, and advised them around the Clashing Rocks190 in the sea. This were huge cliffs, which, dashed with each other by the pressure of the winds, closed the sea passage. Thick was the mist that brushed up over them, and loud the crash, and also it was impossible for even the bird to pass in between them. So he called them come let paris a dove in between the rocks, and, if they observed it pass safe through, to thread the narrows with an easy mind, however if they saw it perish, then not to force a passage. When they heard that, they placed to sea, and also on nearing the rocks let paris a dove indigenous the prow, and also as she flew the clash that the rocks nipped off the pointer of her tail. So, waiting till the rocks had actually recoiled, with hard rowing and also the aid of Hera, they passed through, the extremity of the ship\"s ornamented poop being shorn away appropriate round. Henceforth the Clashing Rocks stood still; because that it was fated that, so shortly as a ship had actually made the passage, they should concerned rest completely.
<1.9.23> The Argonauts now arrived among the Mariandynians, and also there King Lycus obtained them kindly.191 There died Idmon the seer of a wound inflicted by a boar192; and there too died Tiphys, and also Ancaeus carried out to steer the ship.193
And having actually sailed past the Thermodon and also the Caucasus they concerned the river Phasis, i m sorry is in the Colchian land.194 when the ship was brought into port, Jason repaired to Aeetes, and setting forth the charge laid on that by Pelias invited him to give him the fleece. The various other promised to offer it if single-handed he would yoke the brazen-footed bulls. This were 2 wild bulls the he had, of substantial size, a gift that Hephaestus; they had brazen feet and puffed fire from your mouths. This creatures Aeetes ordered him come yoke and also to sow dragon\"s teeth; because that he had gained from Athena half of the dragon\"s this which Cadmus sowed in Thebes.195 if Jason confused how he could yoke the bulls, Medea conceived a enthusiasm for him; currently she was a witch, daughter of Aeetes and also Idyia, daughter of Ocean. And also fearing lest he could be ruined by the bulls, she, keeping the point from she father, promised to assist him to yoke the bulls and to supply to that the fleece, if he would swear to have actually her come wife and would take it her v him on the voyage to Greece. Once Jason swore to execute so, she provided him a drug v which she bade him anoint his shield, spear, and also body as soon as he was around to yoke the bulls; because that she stated that, anointed with it, he can for a single day be harmed no by fire no one by iron. And she signified come him that, as soon as the this were sown, armed men would spring increase from the ground versus him; and also when he witnessed a node of lock he was to throw stones right into their midst from a distance, and when they battled each other around that, that was taken to kill them.196 On listening that, Jason anointed himself through the drug,197 and being involved the grove of the temple he seek the bulls, and also though they fee him through a fire of fire, he yoked them.198 and when he had sowed the teeth, over there rose equipped men indigenous the ground; and also where he saw number of together, he pelted them unseen with stones, and when they battled each various other he drew near and slew them.199 however though the bulls to be yoked, Aeetes did not provide the fleece; for he wished to burn under the Argo and kill the crew. But prior to he can do so, Medea lugged Jason by night come the fleece, and having lull to sleep by her drugs the dragon the guarded it, she possessed it s her of the fleece and in Jason\"s company came come the Argo.200 She to be attended, too, through her brothers Apsyrtus. And also with lock the Argonauts put to sea by night.201
<1.9.24> when Aeetes found the daring deeds excellent by Medea, he started off in search of the ship; yet when she observed him near, Medea murdered her brother and also cutting him limb from limb threw the pieces into the deep. Collection the child\"s limbs, Aeetes fell behind in the pursuit; wherefore that turned back, and, having buried the rescued four of his child, he dubbed the location Tomi. However he sent out plenty of of the Colchians to find for the Argo, threatening that, if they walk not carry Medea to him, they need to suffer the punishment as result of her; therefore they separated and pursued the find in divers places.
When the Argonauts were currently sailing past the Eridanus river, Zeus sent a furious storm top top them, and drove them the end of your course, because he was angry at the killing of Apsyrtus. And as they to be sailing past the Apsyrtides Islands, the ship spoke, saying that the wrath of Zeus would certainly not cease uneven they journeyed come Ausonia and were purified by Circe for the murder of Apsyrtus.202 So as soon as they had sailed past the Ligurian and Celtic nations and also had voyaged through the Sardinian Sea, they skirted Tyrrhenia and also came come Aeaea, wherein they supplicated Circe and also were purified.203
<1.9.25> and as lock sailed past the Sirens,204 Orpheus limit the Argonauts through chanting a counter-melody. Butes alone swam turn off to the Sirens, however Aphrodite brought him away and cleared up him in Lilybaeum.
After the Sirens, the ship encountered Charybdis and Scylla and the hike Rocks,205 over which a an excellent flame and also smoke were watched rising. Yet Thetis through the Nereids command the ship with them at the summons of Hera.
Having passed by the Island the Thrinacia, where are the kine of the Sun,206 they concerned Corcyra, the island the the Phaeacians, of i m sorry Alcinous was king.207 however when the Colchians can not uncover the ship, some of them cleared up at the Ceraunian mountains, and also some journeyed to Illyria and also colonized the Apsyrtides Islands. However some came to the Phaeacians, and finding the Argo there, castle demanded the Alcinous the he should offer up Medea. That answered, that if she already knew Jason, he would give her to him, but that if she were still a maid he would certainly send she away to her father.208 However, Arete, wife of Alcinous, anticipated problem by marrying Medea come Jason209; for this reason the Colchians worked out down among the Phaeacians210 and the Argonauts put to sea through Medea.
<1.9.26> cruising by night they encountered a violent storm, and Apollo, acquisition his was standing on the Melantian ridges, flashed lightning down, shoot a shaft right into the sea. Climate they viewed an island close at hand, and anchoring there they called it Anaphe, since it had actually loomed increase (anaphanenai) unexpectedly. For this reason they founded an altar the Radiant Apollo, and also having available sacrifice castle betook them to feasting; and twelve handmaids, who Arete had given to Medea, jested merrily through the chiefs; whence the is tho customary for the females to jest at the sacrifice.211
Putting to sea native there, they to be hindered from poignant at Crete through Talos.212 some say the he to be a guy of the Brazen Race, others that he was given to Minos through Hephaestus; he was a brazen man, but some say that he to be a bull. He had a solitary vein extending from his neck to his ankles, and a bronze pond was rammed residence at the end of the vein. This Talos maintained guard, to run round the island thrice every day; wherefore, as soon as he witnessed the Argo was standing inshore, he pelted it as usual through stones. His fatality was brought about by the wiles the Medea, whether, as some say, she drove him mad by drugs, or, together others say, she promised to make him immortal and also then drew out the nail, so that all the ichor gushed out and he died. But some say that Poeas shot the dead in the ankle.
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After tarrying a single night over there they placed in to Aegina to draw water, and also a dispute arose among them worrying the drawing of the water.213 Thence they sailed betwixt Euboea and Locris and came to Iolcus, having completed the totality voyage in 4 months.
<1.9.27> currently Pelias, despairing the the return the the Argonauts, would have actually killed Aeson; yet he asked for to be permitted to take his very own life, and also in providing a sacrifice drank freely of the bull\"s blood and died.214 and also Jason\"s mom cursed Pelias and also hanged herself,215 leaving behind an infant kid Promachus; but Pelias slew even the boy whom she had actually left behind.216 on his return Jason surrendered the fleece, but though the longed to avenge his wrongs the bided his time. At the time he sailed with the chiefs come the Isthmus and dedicated the ship to Poseidon, but later on he exhorted Medea to devise just how he can punish Pelias. For this reason she repaired come the palace of Pelias and also persuaded his daughters to make mince meat of their father and also boil him, promise to do him young again by her drugs; and to success their trust she cut up a ram and made it right into a lamb by boiling it. For this reason they thought her, do mince meat of your father and also boiled him.217 however Acastus hidden his father through the assist of the residents of Iolcus, and he expelled Jason and also Medea native Iolcus.
<1.9.28> They saw Corinth, and also lived over there happily because that ten years, it spins Creon, king of Corinth, betrothed his daughter Glauce to Jason, that married her and also divorced Medea. Yet she invoked the gods by who Jason had actually sworn, and after often upbraiding him through his ingratitude she sent the bride a robe steeped in poison, which when Glauce had put on, she to be consumed v fierce fire along with her father, who checked out her rescue.218 but Mermerus and also Pheres, the kids whom Medea had actually by Jason, she killed, and also having acquired from the sun a vehicle drawn through winged dragons she fled top top it come Athens.219 another tradition is that on her flight she left behind her children, that were still infants, setup them as suppliants on the altar the Hera the the Height; however the Corinthians gotten rid of them and wounded them come death.220
Medea involved Athens, and also being over there married come Aegeus boring him a kid Medus. Afterwards, however, plotting versus Theseus, she was driven a fugitive native Athens through her son.221 yet he dominated many barbarians and also called the whole country under the Media,222 and also marching against the ind he met his death. And also Medea came unknown come Colchis, and finding that Aeetes had actually been deposed through his brother Perses, she eliminated Perses and revived the kingdom to her father.223