(\"To be\" is the really typical verb that allows us say the \"he is in the hot air balloon\", or \"they are great socks\", or \"I am a snappy dresser\".)

The two creates of \"to be\" in Spanish room Ser and also Estar

I'll define when to usage each one in a moment, but very first let's watch what they look like. Here's exactly how to say \"I am...\", \"you are...\", \"they are...\" etc, using both ser and also estar.

When to use \"ser\"

You'll use words native the \"ser\" column once you're talking about permanent says or characteristics.

You are watching: To be or not to be in spanish

Our girl María is smart. Not simply today, however all the time. For this reason we usage ser, because we're talking around a permanent characteristic.

Likewise, Jose is walking to continue to be an architect, I'm going to continue to be tall, and I will always be brothers v my brother. So in all these situations you would usage ser

But once I'm talking around my friend that is in the hot air balloon (a distinctly non-permanent situation) ns would use estar instead.

When to use \"estar\"

Estar (and its miscellaneous forms) is provided when talking around something the is a non-permanent state or location.

All the these situations are not long-term states or characteristics, for this reason we usage estar. Maria has been fine in the past and also will hopefully gain better, therefore that's no permanent. Juan isn't nailed come his floorboards, so that's not irreversible either.

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In particular, you would constantly use estar once you're talking about someone being at a specific location — due to the fact that people can and do move around!

If you usage ser, then Maria is a nice girl in general. If you use estar, it could be because she's dressed up for a party. One is a permanent characteristic, and the other is a momentary state.



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