Would Europe ever before have a Renaissance there is no a large population the Byzantine's fleeing come Italy? would certainly Europeans have uncovered the ameri without the motivation to find alternative routes to trade? Overall, would, "Western Civilization" be in a better, worse, or just different place?


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This is a much more interesting inquiry than it initially lets on. What would happen if the Byzantines, the last and also legal vestige the old Rome, didn't totally fall? questions questions.

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Well, first off the footrest Sultan would not have had any legal backing for his location of Sultan of Rum (Rome), as the old roman inn Emperor is tho technically kicking. This gets into wave after wave of barely-substantiated insurance claims (by 800 ad it's arguable that the Byzantines can even truly be called Romans anymore; they continued the legacy, yes, but they were becoming increasingly Greek also then; walk a single city-state have actually any an ext right to the location of Emperor of Rome 보다 a Muslim Turk?), yet technicalities taken into consideration the ottoman Sultan would certainly be a bit much more shamefaced in ~ somehow never coming to totally posses the namesake that the footrest Empire began with, the Sultanate of Rum.

The more interesting question is what the political landscape the this city-state look at like. You can't be realm with only a city and the barest little of bordering countryside. A city cannot function like one Empire. However what deserve to a city function like? Well, Greek, Roman and Italian history tells us: a city can function like a Republic.

There is no means the Turks couldn't have taken Constantinople, given sufficient time. The only way they would have actually survived was if the Turks chose to permit them. The scenario, together I imagine it, is thus: the Turks desire to save their Greek citizens (they own most of greek by now) pacified and want to make a display of enabling Orthodoxy come coexist v their realm, for this reason the Sultan decides to officially "return" the title of Sultan the Rome come the byzantine Emperor, who (grudgingly) must accept the shameful consciousness to safeguard his regulate over Constantine's city. The Sultan then declares his deference come the "most old Emperor" of Rome and also declares the the entirety of the Ottoman empire is in ~ the service of Rome, to protect and also defend the glorious Empire. It's a sham, the course; the byzantine Empire (or as we should call it in ~ this point, the City the Constantinople) has come to be a protectorate under the Ottomans. That is safe, yes, and nominally independent, but the footrest Sultan has managed to dead the Emperor far much more deeply 보다 failure ever could.

Surely simply keeping the Greeks happy isn't enough to let a poorly-defended Metropolis prefer Constantinople remain unscathed, though. However what could the Ottomans really want the city that Constantinople to be "independent" for? Well, that's fairly easy; trade. The remainder of the says of Europe aren't going come be too keen to trade through Muslim invaders, however could they ever refuse to trade with the Emperor that Rome, a other Christian? No, of food not. And the footrest Emperor doesn't must let those states recognize (though they'd suspect) the he skims the tariffs and collects the counting from any kind of trade going v Constantinople. And also the byzantine Emperor, shamed and useless together he has become, might never recognize it and also hope to keep the throne.

If this to be to happen, what would the byzantine Empire become? I'd hazard to guess the would come to be like an imperial Republic, through the Emperor gradually diffusing his power down in between magistrates and even eventually chosen officials that oversee the Empire's trade, in a method coming complete circle earlier to what Rome started as, albeit through a limited-power king at the height (think modern Constitutional Monarchies).

Initially the Sultan would need to fund its navy buildup, however Byzantium ultimately becomes the footrest Empire's trading department. The empire has minimalist trade, only going come the Islamic world, conversely, the Byzantines trade through the West top top informal instead of of the Sultan. Their fleet would certainly not rival Venice's; it would certainly absolutely like it. Only the brother fleet of the 1700s can really compare in regards to size, together the merchant marine of Constantinople need to trade with most every one of Europe and haul their cargo earlier throughout the large network of footrest cities, not to cite the galleys and also men-'o-war they would require to safeguard their shipping lanes indigenous pirates.

The initial strategic worth of this decision cannot be understated. A in the history low suggest in trade, as soon as the footrest state was only making money by trading within its own borders and also to other Islamic states, has end up being a booming period. Turkish citizens deserve to now grow/make goods and sell them to Constantinople to trade off come the agriculturally starved West, in turn approving the footrest state count on the citizens' produce, on the exchange right into Constantinople, on the tariffs for the trade, and also on the last trade's sale via the Emperor's counting on the ship's return; a four-way profit that not just grants the Sultan consistent income throughout the totality year, but likewise enriches his citizens. A wealthy realm would no need more conquest as the trade-starved realm of background did, yet I see no reason to assume the Sultans the this brand-new timeline wouldn't shot anyway, and also they may well be more successful; greater demand from european markets method more men staying house to work-related the fields, yes, however the Ottoman army is well-armed, well-supplied, and can afford to buy mercenaries, slaves, or even fund military schools to employee its ranks. Malta and Sicily may very well loss to the Sultan, as can Hungary.

In the long-term, though, the byzantine Republic is walk to reason problems for the Sultan. Being his only major source that European trade puts castle in a unique position to demand things indigenous the ottoman Emperor. Lengthy reliance way the Ottoman merchant marine is weak and short-range, meant only to trade v Egypt, Arabia, and the Barbary States. The anti-pirate fleet is lot smaller 보다 the byzantine navy, and very poorly-trained contrasted to historic standards; any war the footrest Emperor is in the Byzantines will be compelled to join, and also their navies can conveniently behave as the ottoman navies in the field.

Representing the Sultan's trade capacity, you have the right to be sure the oriental Republic could demand (and most likely get) part territorial cessions to aid in their trade. Crete, Malta, a few of the Ionian islands and also perhaps Tunis are all good bets because that islands/cities the Byzantines would certainly request to increase their trade reach, and also the footrest Sultan would certainly be most likely to agree; the additional his merchant marine can reach, the an ext money the state deserve to make.

In the long-term consumption brings reliance, and the Ottoman empire is at the mercy of the byzantine Republic's profession capacity. The oriental Republic will start to acquire steam. The huge wealth flowing right into Constantinople, damaged by the Sultan's skimming yet not destroyed, brings wealth to the Emperor. The brand-new ports granted by the Sultan grant accessibility to lands come smuggle the Emperor turn off to in the occasion of war, and naval docks for their ships to shelter in in between raids on ottoman territory. Their regulate of the Orthodox Patriarch in the safety and security of Constantinople guarantee the loyalty and also alliance the Russia, a long-standing byzantine supporter, and the Emperor self can contact the Greeks come arms.

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What would eventually happen in such a situation is anyone's guess. The hypothetical byzantine Republic would certainly not it is in powerful, not in regards to men, however its navy would certainly be great, its in the name of authority end the Greeks might punch the Ottomans in a historically rough province, and also the alliance v Russia can cause more than a couple of problems because that the Turks. Would the Byzantines reclaim their former glory? It's doubtful, but it is possible that a well-timed rebellion and also a strong naval blockade could cut the European part of the Ottoman empire off native the Asian, and also potentially force the Sultan to cede the European side to the Byzantines. It would take a armed forces genius and it's a long shot even then, but a pseudo-Imperial Republic referred to as Rome could be reborn from the ashes of Constantine's city.