5) which of the following statements around members the the Kingdom Plantae is FALSE?

A) They room multicellular.

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B) They space composed of eukaryotic cells.

C) They undergo photosynthesis.

D) They usage organic carbon sources.

E) lock synthesize organic molecules.


6) i m sorry of the complying with statements around the members the the Kingdom Animalia is FALSE?

A) They room multicellular.

B) They room composed of eukaryotic bio cells.

C) They undergo photosynthesis.

D) castle ingest nutrients through a mouth.

E) They room heterotrophs.


7) A genus can ideal be characterized as

A) a taxon written of families.

B) a taxon created of one or an ext species and a category level lying listed below family.

C) a taxon belonging to a species.

D) a taxon comprised of classes.

E) the most details taxon.


8) A bacterial varieties differs from a species of eukaryotic organisms in the a bacterial species

A) does not breed with other species.

B) has a minimal geographical distribution.

C) have the right to be identified from various other bacterial species.

D) is a populace of cell with similar characteristics.

E) breeds with its own species.


9) i m sorry of the complying with is the finest evidence because that a three-domain system?

A) Nucleotide sequences in ribosomal RNA vary between all 3 domains.

B) There are three distinctly various sets of metabolic reactions.

C) There are three distinctly different Gram reactions.

D) some bacteria live in too much environments.

E) There space three patent different types of nuclei.


10) A biochemical test, in the microbiology world, is offered to determine

A) staining characteristics.

B) amino mountain sequences the enzymes.

C) nucleic acid-base ingredient of DNA sequences.

D) capability of a microbe to execute a specific enzymatic activity.

E) all of the answers space correct.


11) i beg your pardon of the complying with is NOT based on nucleic-acid hybridization?

A) DNA chip

B) FISH

C) PCR

D) southerly blotting

E) western blotting


12) The phylogenetic group of bacteria is based on

A) cabinet morphology.

B) Gram reaction.

C) rRNA sequences.

D) habitat.

E) diseases.


13) i m sorry of the complying with statements is a factor for no classifying viruses in among the three

domains the life (Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya) quite than in a fourth separate domain?

A) part viruses can incorporate their genome right into a host"s genome.

B) Viruses straight anabolic pathways of host cells.

C) Viruses space obligate parasites.

D) Viruses are not composed of cells.

E) all of the answers are correct.


14) which of the following provides taxonomic info that includes the information derived in the rather listed?

A) nucleic mountain hybridization

B) main point acid-base composition

C) amino mountain sequencing

D) biochemical tests

E) cladogram


15) Fossil proof indicates that prokaryotic cells first existed ~ above the Earth

A) 350 year ago.

B) 3500 years ago.

C) 35000 years ago.

D) 3.5 billion year ago.

E) 3.5 × 1012years ago.


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16) In number 10.1, types "c." is most very closely related to which that the following?

A) a

B) b

C) c

D) d

E) e


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17) In number 10.1, the the next ancestor because that both varieties "a." and species "b." would certainly be which of the following?

A) 1

B) 2

C) 3

D) 4

E) 5


18) Protists space a diverse group the organisms the are similar in

A) rRNA sequences.

B) metabolic type.

C) motility.

D) ecology.

E) no one of the answers is correct.


19) In the scientific name Enterobacter aerogenes, Enterobacter is the

A) certain epithet.

B) genus.

C) family.

D) order.

E) kingdom.


20) The setup of organisms into taxa

A) shows levels of relatedness between organisms.

B) mirrors relationships to common ancestors.

C) to be designed by Charles Darwin.

D) is arbitrary.

E) is based upon evolution.


21) Bacteria and Archaea are similar in i m sorry of the following?

A) peptidoglycan cell walls

B) methionine as the start signal for protein synthesis

C) sensitivity to antibiotics

D) thought about prokaryotic cells

E) plasma membrane ester linkage


22) i beg your pardon of the following best defines a strain in microbiological terms?

A) a pure society that is not entirely identical to other societies of the exact same species

B) a group of organisms v a minimal geographical distribution

C) a mixed population of cells,genetically distinct, yet with highly comparable phenotypic characteristics

D) teams of cells all acquired from and also identical come a solitary parent species

E) very same as a species


23) Serological testing is based on the reality that

A) all bacteria have the very same antigens.

B) antibodies react especially with an antigen.

C) the person body provides antibodies versus bacteria.

D) antibodies cause the development of antigens.

E) bacteria clump together when mixed with any kind of antibodies.


24) Phage keying is based on the fact that

A) bacteria are ruined by viruses.

B) viruses cause disease.

C) bacterial viruses attack only members the a certain species.

D) Staphylococcus reasons infections.

E) phages and bacteria are related.


25) organism A has 70 moles % G+C, and organism B has 40 mole % G+C. I m sorry of the complying with can be concluded from these data?

A) The two organisms space related.

B) The two organisms are unrelated.

C) The organisms make entirely different enzymes.

D) Their nucleic acids will completely hybridize.

E) no one of the answers is correct.


26) Nucleic mountain hybridization is based upon the truth that

A) the strands of DNA deserve to be separated.

B) a chromosome is composed of complementary strands.

C) pairing in between complementary bases occurs.

D) DNA is composed of genes.

E) all cells have actually DNA.


27) one of the most famous taxonomic devices is DNA fingerprinting to construct profiles that organisms. These profiles administer direct details about

A) enzymatic activities.

B) protein composition.

C) the visibility of particular genes.

D) antigenic composition.

E) the similarities between nucleotide sequences.


28) all of the following statements are reasons why fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) has come to be a valuable tool for eco-friendly microbiologists EXCEPT

A) it enables for detection the uncultured microbes.

B) it demonstrates the diversity that microbes in one environment.

C) it allows observation of microbes in their natural atmosphere in combination with various other microbes.

D) it allows one to obtain pure cultures of microbes.

E) every one of the answers room correct.


29) i beg your pardon of the complying with criteria is most useful in identify whether two organisms space related?

A) Both ferment lactose.

B) Both room gram-positive.

C) Both are motile.

D) Both space aerobic.

E) each answer is same important.


30) A clone is

A) genetically the same cells derived from a solitary cell.

B) a gene engineered cell.

C) a taxon created of species.

D) a mound of cells on one agar medium.

E) nobody of the answers is correct.


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In number 10.2, which number shows the most very closely related organisms?

A) a

B) b

C) c

D) d

E) e


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32) In Table 10.1, which attributes are uncovered in almost all eukarya?

A) 2, 3, 5

B) 1, 4, 6

C) 3, 5

D) 2, 3

E) 1, 2, 5


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33) In Table 10.1, i m sorry feature(s) is (are) uncovered only in prokaryotes?

A) 1, 2, 3

B) 4, 6

C) 2

D) 1

E) 2, 4, 5


34) right into which team would you ar a multicellular heterotroph v chitin cabinet walls?

A) Animalia

B) Archaea

C) Bacteria

D) Fungi

E) Plantae


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In number 10.3, i beg your pardon two are most very closely related?

A) 1 and 3

B) 2 and also 4

C) 3 and 5

D) 2 and 5

E) 4 and 5


36) right into which group would you ar a photosynthesis cell that lacks a nucleus?

A) Animalia

B) Bacteria

C) Fungi

D) Plantae

E) Protista


37) You found a uncellular cells organism the lacks a nucleus and also peptidoglycan. You suspect the biology is in the group

A) Animalia.

B) Archaea.

C) Bacteria.

D) Fungi.

E) Plantae.


38) right into which team would you location a unicellular organism that has actually 70S ribosomes and also a peptidoglycan cabinet wall?

A) Animalia

B) Bacteria

C) Fungi

D) Plantae

E) Protist


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39) use the dichotomous an essential in Table 10.2 to identify a gram-negative cell that ferments lactose and also uses citric mountain as its sole carbon source.

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A) Citrobacter

B) Escherichia

C) Lactobacillus

D) Pseudomonas

E) Staphylococcus


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40) use the dichotomous crucial in Table 10.2 to determine a gram-negative coccus.

A) Neisseria

B) Pseudomonas

C) Staphylococcus

D) Streptococcus

E) Micrococcus


41) into which group would you ar a multicellular organism that has actually a mouth and also lives inside the human liver?

A) Animalia

B) Fungi

C) Plantae

D) Firmicutes (gram-positive bacteria)

E) Proteobacteria (gram-negative bacteria)


42) right into which team would you place a photosynthesis organism the lacks a nucleus and also has a thin peptidoglycan wall surrounded by an outer membrane?

A) Animalia

B) Fungi

C) Plantae

D) Firmicutes (gram-positive bacteria)

E) Proteobacteria (gram-negative bacteria)


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In the cladogram displayed in figure 10.4, which two organisms space most very closely related?

A) Streptomyces and also Micrococcus

B) Micrococcus and also Mycobacterium

C) Mycobacterium and Lactobacillus

D) Streptomyces and also Lactobacillus

E) Streptomyces and Mycobacterium


44) which of the following characteristics indicates that two organisms are closely related?