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Map that the Indian subcontinent. A subcontinent is a part of a continent the is politics and/or geographically different from the remainder of the continent. Geographically, the Indian Subcontinent is composed of the peninsular part of contemporary India, southern of the Himalayas, on the Indian tectonic plate. From a politics perspective, the Indian subcontinent is composed of at least 7 countries: India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and also the Maldives. Some consider Afghanistan come be component of the Indian Subcontinent. The world of the Indian Subcontinent have actually shared ethnic, linguistic, cultural, and also historical ties.


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A subcontinent is a component of a continent the is politics and/or geographically different from the rest of the continent. The Indian Subcontinent is a subcontinent because that both political and geographical reasons. The nations of the Indian Subcontinent have solid political and social ties. That is likewise a subcontinent native a geography perspective, because it is territory that is geographically different from the rest of Asia. It must be noted that the term Indian subcontinent is regularly used interchangeably through the terms southern Asia and Southern Asia. In worldwide discourse, these 3 terms usually represent the same part of the world.

What Constitutes The Indian Subcontinent?

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The Indian Plate including the Indian subcontinent countries and also some components of various other countries.
from a geography perspective, there is a basic understanding the the Indian Subcontinent consists of the peninsular component of contemporary India, south of the Himalayas, top top the Indian tectonic plate the is different from the rest of Asia. Note, however, that the Indian plate additionally includes several of southern China and eastern Indonesia, which are not considered component of the Indian Subcontinent. Thus, the geographical an interpretation of the Indian Subcontinent is somewhat arbitrary. But of course, the Indian subcontinent is not characterized exclusively indigenous a geographic point of view.

Politics, culture, and history also assist define what constitutes the Indian Subcontinent. Because that example, nearly all of the current nations of the Indian Subcontinent were previously possessions that the brothers Empire. This consists of the present-day states the India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. Myanmar (Burma) was additionally a brother possession, but due to the fact that it is ethnically, linguistically, and culturally tied an ext to east Asia, the is normally not considered part of the Indian Subcontinent.

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Ganga aarti consciousness rituals carry out by Hindu clergymans at Dashashwamedh Ghat in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Hinduism is among the religious beliefs that originated in the Indian subcontinent. Editorial credit: artapartment / Shutterstock.com
Two nations that were not possessions of the british Empire, however, namely Nepal and also Bhutan, room considered component of the subcontinent, largely for cultural, religious, and political regions. For instance, Nepal shares a usual religion v India, Hinduism. Hinduism is the religious beliefs professed by most of the civilization in both India and Nepal. Both Nepal and also Bhutan are additionally considered part of the Indian Subcontinent because that historical and political reasons. Both countries historically kept close relations with India once it to be under brother control, and also still maintain strong ties today.

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Monks within a buddhist monastery in Bhutan. The Indian subcontinent is likewise the birthplace the Buddhism. Editorial credit: angela Meier / Shutterstock.com
India, Bhutan, and also Sri Lanka additionally have some religious ties. India was the cradle of the buddhism religion. Today, although most of India’s populace is no Buddhist, there is still a sizeable Buddhist population there. Buddhism is likewise the many prevalent religious beliefs in both Bhutan and Sri Lanka. One might argue the Tibet is component of the Indian Subcontinent because it is linguistically and also culturally closer to Bhutan and also India quite than China. But since Tibet is regulated by China, the is not considered component of the Indian Subcontinent.

Some consider Afghanistan to be component of the Indian Subcontinent. Indeed, indigenous a political standpoint, Afghanistan is strong tied come Pakistan, i beg your pardon is universally taken into consideration to be part of the Indian Subcontinent. The politics and events that happen in Afghanistan are often intertwined v what happens in Pakistan, specifically in regards to the occasions preceding and also following the 9/11 terror attacks. There are also ethnic and spiritual ties between Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Pashtun people, because that example, despite mostly discovered in Afghanistan, are likewise prevalent in southerly Pakistan. Many Afghans in general have uncovered refuge in Pakistan, fleeing decades of battle in their very own country. Both Pakistan and Afghanistan additionally share Islam as a usual religion. Native a geography perspective, however, Afghanistan is usually not assumed of together being part of the Indian Subcontinent.


The Indian Subcontinent as A politics And social Community

Politically and culturally, the countries of the Indian Subcontinent are really much one community. For example, relations in between India and also Pakistan often conquer discussions of worldwide relations in the region. Indeed, the two nations have locked horns v each various other on many occasions. Armed conflict between the two nations is no uncommon. In fact, the two countries have battled several wars through each other.

A refugee unique train in ~ Ambala Station during the partition the India into independent India and also Pakistan ~ above the basis of religion.
Tensions in between the two nations go earlier to the moment of brothers India and the battle for Indian independence, though it must be listed that spiritual tensions between the Muslim and Hindu areas go ago centuries. Mahatma Gandhi, lengthy regarded together the lead figure in the Indian freedom movement, want British India to remain united as an independent country. But many Muslim leaders rejected this, as they go not desire to be part of a country in i m sorry Hindus to be the majority. Instead, they want a different Muslim country. Thus, when the brother granted freedom to India, the previous British possession was partitioned into two countries, India and Pakistan. At that time, Pakistan included what was once referred to as East Pakistan, despite this component of Pakistan would later break away and also become the independent nation of Bangladesh.

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Pakistan rangers (wearing black color uniforms) perform throughout a parade ~ above the Pakistan"s 72nd self-reliance Day at the Pakistan-India joint check write-up at Wagah border, close to Lahore, Pakistan. Editorial credit: A M Syed / Shutterstock.com


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since the partition, relations in between India and Pakistan have been tense. The battles fought in between the two countries have typically revolved around a dispute over the territory recognized as Kashmir. Both nations have control of parts of Kashmir, though they both insurance claim the entire territory together their own. In the 1990s, the Indo-Pakistani conflict reached a new, danger level, together both nations had occurred nuclear weapons. Thus, world on the Indian Subcontinent, not to mention the remainder of the world, are afraid the outbreak the nuclear war in the region.

There are, however, points that bind the world of India, Pakistan, and the rest of the Indian Subcontinent together. Plenty of of the civilization in the an ar have mutual ethnic and also linguistic ties. Part languages, because that example, traverse international borders. Bengali, because that instance, is spoken in both India and also Bangladesh. Punjabi is spoken in both India and Pakistan. In addition, Urdu and Hindi, the main languages the Pakistan and India respectively, are rather similar, almost to the level that some take into consideration them the exact same language, identified only by exactly how they space written. Urdu supplies an Arabic script, while Hindi offers a script pertained to Sanskrit. These etymological similarities allow people in different nations that are part of the Indian Subcontinent come enjoy aspects of each other’s culture, such as music and also movies.


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Young boys space playing cricket ~ above a badminton court in ~ Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Cricket is really popular sport in the Indian subcontinent. Editorial credit: Jamiul Adnan / Shutterstock.com there is likewise one point that countless if not most human being who live in the Indian Subcontinent agree on. The is, the love that one details sport, cricket. The british left a lasting heritage in the part of the Indian Subcontinent that they as soon as controlled, and part of that heritage is the sport of cricket. People in the Indian subcontinent follow cricket v an almost spiritual fervor. In fact, the existing Prime Minister the Pakistan, Imran Khan, to be a star cricket player prior to he went into politics.